Oil and gas in everyday life. Oil and gas are used widely in modern life. Oil fuels the cars, trucks and planes that underpin modern economies and lifestyles. By-products from oil refining are used in the production of plastics and chemicals, as well as many lubricants, waxes, tars and asphalts.
What is oil energy used for?
Electricity from Oil. Oil is the largest source of energy in the United States, providing close to 40 percent of all of the nation's entire power needs. Though most oil is used for transportation or home heating purposes, a small percentage is still used as a fuel for electricity generating plants.
Oil reserves are found all over the world. However, some have produced more oil than others. The top oil producing countries are Saudi Arabia, Russia, the United States, Iran, and China. In the United States, petroleum is produced in 31 states.
In the United States, most natural gas is burned as a fuel. In 2012 about 30% of the energy consumed across the nation was obtained from natural gas . It was used to generate electricity, heat buildings, fuel vehicles, heat water, bake foods, power industrial furnaces, and even run air conditioners!
It's easy to understand why oil is so important in our lives. Gasoline is made from crude oil. Lubricating oil is also used to keep our automobile engines from getting too hot and to ensure that all moving parts of the machinery are kept in good working order.
Three technologies are used to convert oil into electricity: Conventional steam - Oil is burned to heat water to create steam to generate electricity. Combustion turbine - Oil is burned under pressure to produce hot exhaust gases which spin a turbine to generate electricity.
Motor oil is a lubricant used in internal combustion engines, which power cars, motorcycles, lawnmowers, engine-generators, and many other machines. In engines, there are parts which move against each other, and the friction wastes otherwise useful power by converting the kinetic energy to heat.
Oil is normally transported by one of four options: Pipeline – the most commonly used form of oil transportation is through oil pipelines. Pipelines are typically used to move crude oil from the wellhead to gathering and processing facilities and from there to refineries and tanker loading facilities.
Safaniya (Saudi Arabia) The Safaniya field is the world's largest offshore oil field. Located in the Persian Gulf, the Safaniya field is thought to hold more than 50 billion barrels of oil. It is Saudi Arabia's second largest producing field behind Ghawar, churning out 1.5 million bpd.
Other instruments such as gravimeters and magnetometers are also used in the search for petroleum. Extracting crude oil normally starts with drilling wells into an underground reservoir. When an oil well has been tapped, a geologist (known on the rig as the "mudlogger") will note its presence.
Natural gas is a fossil fuel used as a source of energy for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. It is also used as a fuel for vehicles and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals.
Advantages of Oil. 1) High Energy Density – Oil has one of the highest energy densities which means that a small amount of oil can produce a large amount of energy. This makes it very useful as its high energy density has made it the preferred choice for use as fuel in automobiles.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), this is a list of petroleum products and their share of total US petroleum consumption in 2013.
- Gasoline 46%
- Heating Oil / Diesel Fuel 20%
- Jet Fuel ( kerosene) 8%
- Propane / Propylene 7%
- NGL / LRG 6%
- Still Gas 4%
- Petrochemical Feedstocks 2%
- Petroleum Coke 2%
A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)
|Solvents||Diesel fuel||Bearing Grease|
|Denture Adhesive||Linoleum||Synthetic Rubber|
|Tennis Rackets||Rubber Cement||Dice|
|Nylon Rope||Candles||House Paint|
Crude oil was made over millions of years from tiny plants and animals, called plankton. The plankton on the left would form oil in about 150 million years time if the sea bed is not disturbed. The plankton that lived in the Jurassic period made our crude oil.
About 60% of the personal vehicles in the U.S. are cars, the other 40% are SUVs, pick-up trucks and motorcycles. U.S. Transportation fuel consumption accounts for over 70 percent of total U.S. oil consumption, and more than 65 percent of that amount is for personal vehicles.
Everyone in the energy industry is suffering as crude oil prices have slumped. But some oil producing countries are hurting more than others. In the United Kingdom, it costs $52.50 to produce a barrel of oil -- which is trading right now around $42. Oil production in Brazil costs nearly $49 per barrel.
Fossil fuels. Natural resources such as coal, petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas take thousands of years to form naturally and cannot be replaced as fast as they are being consumed. At present, the main energy source used by humans is non-renewable fossil fuels.
It is a highly volatile hydrocarbon derived from crude oil. In its natural state gasoline is a liquid with a strong solvent smell. Typically it is used to fuel internal combustion engines for cars, motorbikes, trucks, boats and other transport vehicles.
A partial list of products made from Petroleum (6000 items). The rest (over half) is used to make things like: Although the major use of petroleum is as a fuel, (gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil), and petroleum and natural gas are often used to generate electricity, there are many other uses.
- Sample of Crude oil (petroleum)
- Cylinders of Liquified petroleum gas.
- Sample of Gasoline.
- Sample of Kerosene.
- Sample of Diesel fuel.
- Motor oil.
- Pile of asphalt-covered aggregate for formation into asphalt concrete.