What do acinar cells secrete?

Exocrine Secretions of the Pancreas. Pancreatic juice is composed of two secretory products critical to proper digestion: digestive enzymes and bicarbonate. The enzymes are synthesized and secreted from the exocrine acinar cells, whereas bicarbonate is secreted from the epithelial cells lining small pancreatic ducts.
A.

What are D cells?

It's a terminology used in cardiotocogram (its a machine which monitors fetal heart rate and contractions during labour). Late decelerations are significant since they indicate uteroplacental insufficiency(meaning fetus in uterus is not getting enough blood from placenta, fetus is in a hypoxic state).
  • What stimulates ECL cells to secrete histamine?

    Enterochromaffin-like cells or ECL cells are a type of neuroendocrine cell found in the gastric glands of the gastric mucosa beneath the epithelium, in particular in the vicinity of parietal cells, that aid in the production of gastric acid via the release of histamine.
  • What do G cells do?

    In anatomy, the G cell (or γ-cell) is a type of cell in the stomach and duodenum that secretes gastrin. It works in conjunction with gastric chief cells and parietal cells. G cells are found deep within the pyloric glands of the stomach antrum, and occasionally in the pancreas and duodenum.
  • What is deceleration in pregnancy?

    Late decelerations. Late decelerations don't begin until the peak of a contraction or after the uterine contraction is finished. They're smooth, shallow dips in heart rate that mirror the shape of the contraction that's causing them.
B.

Which cells secrete insulin?

The primary function of a beta cell is to store and release insulin. Insulin is a hormone that brings about effects which reduce blood glucose concentration. Beta cells can respond quickly to spikes in blood glucose concentrations by secreting some of their stored insulin while simultaneously producing more.
  • How is insulin secreted in the cell?

    Insulin is synthesized in significant quantities only in beta cells in the pancreas. When the beta cell is appropriately stimulated, insulin is secreted from the cell by exocytosis and diffuses into islet capillary blood. C peptide is also secreted into blood, but has no known biological activity.
  • What stimulates the release of glucagon?

    The pancreas releases glucagon when the concentration of insulin (and indirectly glucose) in the bloodstream falls too low. Glucagon causes the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose, which is released into the bloodstream. High blood-glucose levels, on the other hand, stimulate the release of insulin.
  • Which cells release glucagon?

    Homeostasis of blood glucose is maintained by hormone secretion from the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Glucose stimulates insulin secretion from beta-cells but suppresses the release of glucagon, a hormone that raises blood glucose, from alpha-cells.
C.

What is secreted by alpha cells?

Alpha cells (more commonly alpha-cells or α-cells) are endocrine cells in the pancreatic islets of the pancreas. They make up to 20% of the human islet cells synthesizing and secreting the peptide hormone glucagon, which elevates the glucose levels in the blood.
  • How do alpha cells work?

    An alpha cell is a type of cell in the pancreas. Alpha cells make and release a hormone called glucagon. The body sends a signal to the alpha cells to make glucagon when blood glucose falls too low. Then glucagon reaches the liver, where it tells it to release glucose into the blood for energy.
  • What is an endocrine cell?

    are secreted from the glands of the endocrine system, they are specific in that each hormone causes a response in a specific target organ or group of cells, rather than on the body as a whole. Exocrine hormones are secreted via a duct into the blood and usually effect a distant organ or tissue.
  • Which cells produce glucagon?

    It is produced by the alpha cells, found in the islets of langerhans, in the pancreas, from where it is released into the bloodstream. The glucagon-secreting alpha cells surround the insulin-secreting beta cells, which reflects the close relationship between the two hormones.

Updated: 29th September 2018

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