What country owns Greenland and Iceland?
Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powers, as well as the nearby island of Iceland) for more than a millennium.
And it is cold, about 80% of its surface is ice-capped. Kalaallit Nunaat (the Inuit name for the island) is not an independent state but a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark. Greenland shares maritime borders with Canada, Iceland, and Norway.
- Approximately 89 percent of Greenland's population of 57,695 is Greenlandic Inuit, or 51,349 people as of 2012. Ethnographically, they consist of three major groups: the Kalaallit of west Greenland, who speak Kalaallisut. the Tunumiit of Tunu (east Greenland), who speak Tunumiit oraasiat ("East Greenlandic")
- Greenland (about 80% ice covered) is the world's largest (non-continent) island, and it dominates the North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe It is geographically considered part of the North American continent.
- There are about 4,000 people through the summer months and about 1,000 overwinter each year. Most residents of scientific stations do a "summer only" this is anywhere from 3-6 months, with a smaller number staying over the Antarctic winter (when any chance of transport in or out is virtually impossible).
Northern North America is occupied by Canada, the second-largest country in the world, the US state of Alaska, and the Danish self-governing territory of Greenland. Much of Greenland is covered by ice, and all these regions are sparsely populated, although there are several large cities in Canada.
- Greenland, meanwhile, was not “discovered” (by Norsemen, that is) until a century or so later, when a Norwegian who was sailing to Iceland was blown off course. It was later named “green land” by Erik the Red, another Norwegian, who really was fleeing from Norway and first went to Iceland before settling in Greenland.
- Population of Greenland (2018 and historical)
Year Population Greenland Global Rank 2017 56,480 207 2016 56,412 207 2015 56,377 207 2010 56,638 206
- Alaska was part of Russia until 1867, when it was sold to the US for $7.2 million. Most Americans thought this was a huge waste of money until gold was discovered there in 1896, attracting many people hoping to make their fortune.
Greenlandic independence is a political ambition of some political parties (such as Siumut, Inuit Ataqatigiit, Partii Naleraq, and Nunatta Qitornai), advocacy groups, and individuals of Greenland, an autonomous country within the Danish Realm, to become an independent sovereign state.
- Iceland country profile. A sparsely-populated North Atlantic island, Iceland is famous for its hot springs, geysers and active volcanoes. Iceland became an independent republic in 1944 and went on to become one of the world's most prosperous economies.
- Iceland (/ˈa?sl?nd/ ( listen); Icelandic: Ísland, pronounced [ˈistlant]) is an island country in the North Atlantic, between Greenland and Norway, formerly a possession of Denmark. It is culturally considered to be part of Europe. Iceland is 301 kilometres east of Greenland and 1001 kilometres west of Norway.
- Outside the EU. Greenland originally joined the then-European Communities with Denmark in 1973. Greenland left in 1985, following a referendum in 1982 with 53% voting for withdrawal after a dispute over fishing rights. The Greenland Treaty formalized their exit.
Updated: 25th November 2019