What causes adenoids to enlarge?
Adenoids that become infected usually become enlarged, but return to their normal size when the infection subsides. However, in some instances, the adenoids remain enlarged even after the infection is gone. Enlarged adenoids can also be caused by allergies.
The adenoids are glands located in the roof of the mouth, behind the soft palate where the nose connects to the throat. The adenoids produce antibodies, or white blood cells, that help fight infections. Typically, the adenoids shrink during adolescence and may disappear by adulthood.
- During surgery:
- The surgeon places a small tool into your child's mouth to keep it open.
- The surgeon removes the adenoid glands using a spoon-shaped tool (curette).
- Some surgeons use electricity to heat the tissue, remove it, and stop bleeding.
- They are also removed when recurrence of tonsil infections or strep throat cannot be successfully treated by antibiotics. The surgery is most often performed on children. The procedure to remove the tonsils is called a tonsillectomy; excision of the adenoids is an adenoidectomy.
- Having your tonsils removed is a surgical procedure called a tonsillectomy. Reasons you may need to have your tonsils removed include frequent infections (episodes of tonsillitis, usually seven or more in one year), difficulty breathing or swallowing, sleep apnea, or any growths on the tonsils.
The tonsils (palatine tonsils) are a pair of soft tissue masses located at the rear of the throat (pharynx). Each tonsil is composed of tissue similar to lymph nodes, covered by pink mucosa (like on the adjacent mouth lining). Running through the mucosa of each tonsil are pits, called crypts.
- Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue facing into the aerodigestive tract. The set of lymphatic tissue known as Waldeyer's tonsillar ring includes the adenoid tonsil, two tubal tonsils, two palatine tonsils, and the lingual tonsil.
- An organ that is part of the lymphatic system. It is the main organ of taste, and assists in forming speech sounds. Tonsils. Two small masses of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat.
- In vertebrate anatomy, the throat is the front part of the neck, positioned in front of the vertebra. It contains the pharynx and larynx.
Updated: 25th November 2019