21st November 2019

wikipedia
14

What can cause Parotitis?

Infectious parotitis. Acute bacterial parotitis: is most often caused by a bacterial infection of Staphylococcus aureus but may be caused by any commensal bacteria. Parotitis presents as swelling at the angle of the jaw.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what can cause parotid gland to swell?

The most common cause of swollen salivary glands, salivary stones are buildups of crystallized saliva deposits. Sometimes salivary stones can block the flow of saliva. When saliva can't exit through the ducts, it backs up into the gland, causing pain and swelling.

What virus causes parotitis?

Viral parotitis can be caused by paramyxovirus (mumps), Epstein-Barr virus, coxsackievirus, and influenza A and parainfluenza viruses. Acute suppurative parotitis is generally caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, and rarely, gram-negative bacteria.

What antibiotics are used to treat parotitis?

Antibiotics should be administered intravenously in acute bacterial parotitis after obtaining blood cultures. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism in community-acquired parotitis and first-line antibiotic therapy should include antistaphylococcal antibiotic (nafcillin, oxacillin, cefazolin) (5).
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