Both vomiting and laxative abuse lead to electrolyte imbalances which affect the heart rate and the function of other major organs, including the kidneys. Like individuals with anorexia, people with untreated bulimia are at risk of heart failure, kidney failure and death.
What are some of the causes of bulimia?
The exact cause of bulimia nervosa is currently unknown; though it is thought that multiple factors contribute to the development of this eating disorder, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and cultural influences. Some of the main causes for bulimia include: Stressful transitions or life changes.
- Severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
- Sore throat, particularly from excessive and regular vomiting.
- Tooth decay, cavities, or gum disease, particularly from excessive vomiting.
- Gastrointestinal tract (e.g., duodenal, stomach) ulcers.
- Irregular period or amenorrhea.
Given the lack of other risk factors, it seems reasonable to consider her history of bulimia as a possible risk factor for her cancer. Similar to chronic reflux, bulimia may cause chronic irritation and trauma to the esophagus leading to dysplasia and ultimately tumorgenesis.
Most women suffering from bulimia experience menstrual irregularities or no menses at all, even though they may have a normal body weight. Irregular periods may make trying to conceive very challenging. Androgen imbalance can cause abnormal menstrual cycles and block ovulation, which results in infertility.
The frequent purging that occurs with bulimia does serious damage to the body. Self-induced vomiting: Damages the digestive system: it can cause a peptic ulcer which is an area of the stomach or duodenal lining which becomes eroded by stomach acid. These are known as peptic ulcers.
Swelling in the face (specifically of the parotid glands) happens as a natural reaction to self induced vomiting. The appearance of this bulimia face swelling can also be increased when glad tissues become damaged due to the constant attack from stomach acid during episodes of purging.
A sore throat, stomach pain, or both may be the first obvious physical side effects of bulimia. As the disorder progresses, chronic self-induced vomiting can cause a variety of symptoms in the digestive tract, beginning at the mouth. rupture your esophagus and cause blood in vomit. irritate your stomach.
In extreme cases the constant binging and purging can even cause the stomach to rupture. Dehydration, vitamin deficiencies, and low blood pressure can lead to liver and kidney problems and damage. Bulimia causes dehydration, anemia, and low levels of sodium, potassium, and magnesium in the body.
There are two main ways that bulimia causes hair loss. The first is shared with anorexia and comes when bulimics lose the proper nutrition needed to support healthy hair growth. New hair requires resources the body can use elsewhere when nutrition is lacking. New hair isn't growing in fast enough to replace lost hair.
The feeling that one is about to vomit is called nausea, which often precedes, but does not always lead to, vomiting. Self-induced vomiting can be a component of an eating disorder, such as bulimia nervosa, and is itself now an eating disorder on its own, purging disorder.
Some people who overeat have a clinical disorder called binge eating disorder (BED). People with BED compulsively eat large amounts of food in a short amount of time and feel guilt or shame afterward. And they do so often: at least once a week over a period of at least 3 months. Not everyone who overeats is a binger.
Bulimia statistics tell us that the lifetime prevalence of bulimia nervosa in the United States is 1.5% in women and 0.5% in men. This translates to approximate 4.7 million females and 1.5 million males who will have their lives threatened by this potentially deadly disorder.
People with bulimia nervosa eat unusually large amounts of food (binge eat) and then compensate by purging (vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics), fasting or excessive exercise. People with binge-eating disorder binge but do not purge, and they often become overweight or obese.
A psychiatrist or other eating disorder treatment provider will look for the following combination of bulimia symptoms to confirm the diagnosis:
- Obsession with body image, weight, and/or dieting.
- Repeated binge eating episodes over a specified period of time.
- Loss of control during episodes of bingeing.
It has long been known that eating disorders run in families, but a new study finally pinpoints two genes that significantly increase a person's risk for developing anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
Bulimia is similar to anorexia. Most people with bulimia then purge by vomiting, but also may use laxatives or excessive exercise. Although anorexia and bulimia are very similar, people with anorexia are usually very thin and underweight, but those with bulimia may be an average weight or can be overweight.
Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating.
In summary, eating disorders are biologically-based, serious mental illnesses because: There is medical and scientific evidence that anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are as heritable as other psychiatric conditions (e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression) that are considered biologically based.
In the short-term, people with binge eating disorder mainly experience emotional and psychological side effects, such as:
- Social isolation.
- Problems at work/home.
- Weight gain.
Reality: People with bulimia are at a high risk for dying, especially if they are purging, using laxatives and doing excessive exercise. Many people with bulimia have died from cardiac arrest which is usually caused by low potassium or an electrolyte imbalance. Others have died from a ruptured esophagus.
Causes of Eating Disorders. Eating Disorders are complex disorders, influenced by a facet of factors. Though the exact cause of eating disorders is unknown, it is generally believed that a combination of biological, psychological, and/or environmental abnormalities contribute to the development of these illnesses.