There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis and related diseases. The most common types include osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), fibromyalgia and gout. All of them cause pain in different ways.
How many different types of arthritis are there?
100 types of joint pain. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that can cause debilitating joint pain. There are more than 100 different kinds of arthritis and related conditions.
In the Kitchen with Arthritis: Foods to Avoid
- Processed foods. Avoid processed foods such as baked goods and prepackaged meals and snacks.
- Red meat and fried foods.
- Refined grains.
- Cheese and high-fat dairy.
- Certain oils.
- Learn more:
Could You Have Psoriatic Arthritis? Know the Signs.
- Pain, swelling or stiffness in one or more joints.
- Joints that are red or warm to the touch.
- Frequent joint tenderness or stiffness.
- Sausagelike swelling in one or more of the fingers or toes.
- Pain in and around the feet and ankles.
To diagnose arthritis, your doctor will consider your symptoms, perform a physical exam to check for swollen joints or loss of motion, and use blood tests and X-rays to confirm the diagnosis. X-rays and blood tests also help distinguish the type of arthritis you have.
Uric acid crystals cause arthritis in gout, while calcium pyrophosphate crystals cause arthritis in pseudogout. Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions of the joints lead to joint damage and eventual degeneration of the cartilage and osteoarthritis.
No Cure for Most Types of Arthritis. For example, early use of disease-modifying drugs, and especially biologic drugs, can affect the course of rheumatoid arthritis. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can make a difference in pain and joint damage.
What are early signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and what areas of the body are affected?
- Joint pain.
- Joint tenderness.
- Joint swelling.
- Joint redness.
- Joint warmth.
- Joint stiffness.
- Loss of joint range of motion.
Most people with arthritis have osteoarthritis, which commonly occurs with age. But there's another type called rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a serious autoimmune disease.
It is characterized by pain, stiffness, swelling and redness and can limit movement such as in the shoulders or knees. Lupus arthritis is caused by inflammation. After a long time of uncontrolled lupus, however, people can have damage in the joints which causes problems even when the lupus is not flaring.
Inflammatory and noninflammatory arthritis are the two most common forms of the condition. However, there are dozens of different arthritis types. Inflammatory arthritis is usually referred to as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and noninflammatory arthritis is known as osteoarthritis (OA).
Fibromyalgia is a condition associated with widespread chronic pain, fatigue, memory problems and mood changes. Fibromyalgia is not a single disease, but a constellation of symptoms that can be managed. It is not life threatening and does not lead to muscle or joint damage.
Use hot and cold therapy. Simple hot and cold treatments can make a world of difference when it comes to arthritis pain. Long, warm showers or baths — especially in the morning — help ease stiffness in your joints. Use an electric blanket or moist heating pad at night to keep your joints loose.
Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can include: pain and stiffness in and around your joints. swollen fingers or toes (dactylitis), caused by inflammation in both joints and tendons. buttock pain, a stiff back or a stiff neck, which is caused by inflammation in your spine (spondylitis)
If you have been diagnosed with osteoarthritis and it has impacted your ability to work, you may qualify for Social Security Disability benefits. Osteoarthritis results in the gradual loss of cartilage from your joints. It is also known as a degenerative joint disease because the condition can worsen.
An infection or injury to the joints can exacerbate this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue. Your risk of developing OA may be higher if you have a family history of the disease. Another common form of arthritis, RA, is an autoimmune disorder. It occurs when your body's immune system attacks the tissues of the body.
Treatments that suppress inflammatory disease and may improve the outcome: Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) suppress inflammation and treat the underlying disease. They are used to treat inflammatory types of arthritis and occasionally types of connective tissue disease.
It is also called degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritis happens when the cartilage in your joints becomes worn down. Osteoarthritis can occur in any of your joints, but we commonly see it in the hands, knees, hips, lower back and neck. Arthritis is the broad name given to any inflammatory joint disease.
Taking more than the recommended dosage of acetaminophen can cause liver damage. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Over-the-counter NSAIDs, including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), taken at the recommended doses, typically relieve osteoarthritis pain.
The inflammation can cause pain and stiffness. In many kinds of arthritis, progressive joint deterioration occurs and the smooth "cushioning" cartilage in joints is gradually lost. As a result, the bones rub and wear against each other. Soft tissues in the joints also may begin to wear down.
Some of these other conditions may include:
- Ankylosing Spondylitis disease.
- Sjogren's Syndrome.
- Felty's Syndrome.
- Lyme disease.
Psoriatic Arthritis Types and Pictures
- Symmetric Arthritis. Affects the same joints on both sides of the body, for instance, the right and left knees, right and left wrists, etc.
- Asymmetric Arthritis.
- Distal Interphalangeal Predominant (DIP)
- Arthritis Mutilans.