Students often get confused about the two types of citations. The first type are in-text citations (also called parenthetical citations), which appear throughout your paper at the end of sentences that you are citing. These usually include the authors, date of publication (APA only) and page number being cited.
In this manner, what is a citation in literature?
The source of the information or ideas must be credited directly in the text and this is known as citing literature. Usually, the sources you cite will be your primary articles, popular article, books or texts. However, you may use any format you wish as long as your citation style is accurate and consistent.
What is the purpose of the citation?
The purpose of a citation is usually to provide support or evidence for what you are saying; it tells the reader where this support or evidence can be found, and it typically does this by providing a reference to a bibliography, a list of detailed bibliographic information provided at the end of your document.