What are the three types of run on sentences?
There are two types of run-on sentences: fused sentences and comma splices. A fused sentence occurs when independent clauses run together with no marks of punctuation or coordinating conjunctions to separate them.
run-on sentence. A grammatically faulty sentence in which two or more main or independent clauses are joined without a word to connect them or a punctuation mark to separate them: “The fog was thick he could not find his way home.”
- A long row of sentences all 25 words long can be as dull as a collection of short sentences can be, unless you're writing for 8-year-olds. So here's the rule: your sentences should usually be about from 20 to 30 words long. If your style is breezy, 15 words would be good.
- The declarative sentence is a sentence that is making a statement. A declarative sentence example is, “It is a nice day today.” That is a declarative sentence. It does nothing more than give the facts or lets someone know something. It is your everyday, all around, plain sentence and it always ends with a period.
- An independent clause is a sentence. Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz. Dependent Clause. A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence.
To catch or to correct run-on sentences, follow these common guidelines:
- Join the two clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction*
- Break the run-on sentence into two separate sentences.
- Join the clauses with a semi-colon and a conjunctive adverb** followed by a comma; however,
- Join the clauses with a semi-colon.
- Run-on sentences, also known as fused sentences, occur when two complete sentences are squashed together without using a coordinating conjunction or proper punctuation, such as a period or a semicolon. Run-on sentences can be short or long. A long sentence isn't necessarily a run-on sentence.
- An imperative sentence gives a command. It usually ends with a period, but it may also end with an exclamation point (!). Commands ask or tell people to do something. Please pass the salt.
- It is also important to note that an average sentence length is just that — an average. Even writers who opt to aim for an average sentence length of, e.g., 20 to 25 words should mix long and short sentences to keep their reader's interest.
Comma Splices. Comma splices are similar to run-on sentences because they also incorrectly connect independent clauses. A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are connected with only a comma. As with a run-on sentence, there are a few different ways to correct a comma splice.
- Examples of Dangling Modifiers. A modifier is considered dangling when the sentence isn't clear about what is being modified. For example, "The big" doesn't make sense without telling what is big which leaves "big" as a dangling modifier; but, "the big dog" is a complete phrase.
- dangling participle. a participle or participial phrase, often found at the beginning of a sentence, that appears from its position to modify an element of the sentence other than the one it was intended to modify, as plunging in Plunging hundreds of feet into the gorge, we saw Yosemite Falls.
- Examples of modifier in a Sentence. In “a red hat,” the adjective “red” is a modifier describing the noun “hat.” In “They were talking loudly,” the adverb “loudly” is a modifier of the verb “talking.”
Updated: 6th December 2019