What are the signs of an abnormal pregnancy?

Any time you're concerned about what's going on or how you're feeling, it's OK to talk to your doctor.
  • Vaginal Bleeding.
  • Excessive Nausea and Vomiting.
  • High Fever.
  • Vaginal Discharge and Itching.
  • Pain or Burning During Urination.
  • Leg or Calf Pain, or Swelling on One Side/ Severe Headache.
  • Flare-Ups of Chronic Diseases.
A.

What are the two most common test to check for possible birth defects during pregnancy?

Genetic screening methods may include the following:
  • Ultrasound scan.
  • Alpha-fetoprotein test (AFP) or multiple marker test.
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  • Amniocentesis.
  • Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (withdrawing a small sample of the fetal blood from the umbilical cord)
  • Can doctors detect birth defects during pregnancy?

    First trimester screening is a combination of tests completed between weeks 11 and 13 of pregnancy. It is used to look for certain birth defects related to the baby's heart or chromosomal disorders, such as Down syndrome. This screen includes a maternal blood test and an ultrasound.
  • Can birth defects be treated before birth if so how?

    Treatment options vary depending on the condition and level of severity. Some birth defects can be corrected before birth or shortly after. Other defects, however, may affect a child for the rest of their life. Severe birth defects, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida, can cause long-term disability or even death.
  • What tests are given during the first trimester of pregnancy?

    Home / Prenatal Testing / First Trimester Screen. The First Trimester Screen is a new, optional non-invasive evaluation that combines a maternal blood screening test with an ultrasound evaluation of the fetus to identify risk for specific chromosomal abnormalities, including Down Syndrome Trisomy-21 and Trisomy-18.
B.

Can you tell birth defects from an ultrasound?

Ultrasound can detect some types of physical birth defects. Examples of physical birth defects that may be found at 19 - 20 weeks are most cases of spina bifida, some serious heart defects, some kidney problems, absence of part of a limb and some cases of cleft palate.
  • Can you see heart defects on ultrasound?

    The good news is that we are now better than ever at catching them early. In some cases, a heart defect can be detected during pregnancy by prenatal ultrasounds. These tests are usually done about 4 months into a pregnancy, and allow doctors to see a fetus's heart and check for problems.
  • Can doctors detect birth defects during pregnancy?

    First trimester screening is a combination of tests completed between weeks 11 and 13 of pregnancy. It is used to look for certain birth defects related to the baby's heart or chromosomal disorders, such as Down syndrome. This screen includes a maternal blood test and an ultrasound.
  • What is the leading cause of birth defects?

    Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors.
C.

What are the most common birth defects?

If a baby is born with a part of the body that is missing or malformed, it is called a structural birth defect. Heart defects are the most common type of structural defect. Others include spina bifida, cleft palate, clubfoot, and congenital dislocated hip.
  • Can birth defects be treated before birth if so how?

    Treatment options vary depending on the condition and level of severity. Some birth defects can be corrected before birth or shortly after. Other defects, however, may affect a child for the rest of their life. Severe birth defects, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida, can cause long-term disability or even death.
  • Are all birth defects hereditary?

    The majority of birth defects, however, are without detectable cause. About 20% of birth defects are caused by genetic or hereditary factors. Every human body cell contains 46 chromosomes, and each chromosome contains thousands of genes. Down syndrome is an example of a condition caused by too many chromosomes.
  • How often do birth defects occur?

    Most birth defects occur in the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the organs of the baby are forming. This is a very important stage of development. However, some birth defects occur later in pregnancy. During the last six months of pregnancy, the tissues and organs continue to grow and develop.

Updated: 3rd October 2019

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