What are the principles of procedural democracy?
The authors present two different theories of democracy. The first is a procedural theory and emphasizes how decisions are made. It relies on four main principles: universal participation, political equality, majority rule, and responsiveness of representatives to the electorate.
Procedural democracy is a democracy in which the people or citizens of the state have less influence than in traditional liberal democracies. Procedural democracy is quite different from substantive democracy, which is manifested by equal participation of all groups in society in the political process.
- Substantive democracy is a form of democracy in which the outcome of elections is representative of the people. In other words, substantive democracy is a form of democracy that functions in the interest of the governed.
- The main forms of democracy are:
- Direct democracy.
- Representative democracy.
- Presidential democracy.
- Parliamentary democracy.
- Authoritarian democracy.
- Participatory democracy.
- Islamic democracy.
- Social democracy.
- Procedural democracy is a democracy in which the people or citizens of the state have less influence than in traditional liberal democracies. Substantive democracy is a form of democracy in which the outcome of elections is representative of the people.
A pluralist democracy describes a political system where there is more than one center of power. Democracies are by definition pluralist as democracies allow freedom of association. However, pluralism may exist without democracy.
- Pluralism (political theory) The central question for classical pluralism is how power and influence are distributed in a political process. Groups of individuals try to maximize their interests. Lines of conflict are multiple and shifting as power is a continuous bargaining process between competing groups.
- Pluralism as a political philosophy is the recognition and affirmation of diversity within a political body, which permits the peaceful coexistence of different interests, convictions and lifestyles.
- Cultural pluralism is a term used when smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities, and their values and practices are accepted by the wider culture provided they are consistent with the laws and values of the wider society.
A majority of the world democracies are far from the benchmark of representative democracy. This paper presents a model of political transitions based on a minimalist conception of the democratic state, i.e. a form of government solely characterized by competitive elections.
- A common definition of “democracy” is, “Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives” — we are that, too. The United States is not a direct democracy, in the sense of a country in which laws (and other government decisions) are made predominantly by majority vote.
- A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state, which is called president.
- noun. The definition of a democracy is a form of government in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives. An example of democracy is the type of government in the United States.
Updated: 28th November 2019