Common side effects of lithium can include:
- Hand tremor (If tremors are particularly bothersome, an additional medication can help.)
- Increased thirst.
- Increased urination.
- Weight gain.
- Impaired memory.
- Poor concentration.
Is shaking a side effect of lithium?
Stop taking lithium and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects: early signs of lithium toxicity, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, muscle weakness, tremor, lack of coordination, blurred vision, or ringing in your ears.
What are the symptoms of too much lithium?
Symptoms of mild to moderate lithium toxicity include:
- stomach pains.
- uncontrollable movements.
- muscle weakness.
Lithium may cause problems with kidney health. Kidney damage due to lithium may include acute (sudden) or chronic (long-term) kidney disease and kidney cysts. It is possible to reverse kidney damage caused by lithium early in treatment, but the damage may become permanent over time.
You can drink some alcohol while taking lithium, but you must not get dehydrated. If you drink alcohol, you can continue to drink some alcohol while taking lithium but drinking alcohol can make you dehydrated. If this happens, the lithium level may rise in your body and reach a toxic level.
Serum lithium levels of 1.5-2.0 mM may have mild and reversible toxic effects on kidney, liver, heart, and glands. Serum levels of >2 mM may be associated with neurological symptoms, including cerebellar dysfunction. Prolonged lithium intoxication >2 mM can cause permanent brain damage.
Despite all the misinformation, stigma and stereotypes, it is still the first line treatment for bipolar disorder / manic depression. The truth is that lithium is cheap, effective, proven, and safe. There is a lot of mystique around lithium, but in reality it is a natural salt – a simple mineral.
The mood-stabilizing drug lithium remains an effective mainstay of treatment for bipolar disorder—but unfortunately, it can cause weight gain. Although the possibility of gaining weight while taking lithium is well known, this side effect does not affect everyone who takes the medication.
Too much lithium may lead to unwanted effects such as nausea, diarrhea, shaking of the hands, dizziness, twitching, seizures, slurred speech, confusion, or increase in the amount of urine. Tell your doctor immediately if these effects occur. Keep all medical and laboratory appointments while you are taking lithium.
Lithium - Dietary. Lithium is a highly reactive, light metal naturally found in very low levels throughout the body. It is available as a dietary supplement and is commonly found in drinking water and in many foods, including grains, vegetables, mustard, kelp, pistachios, dairy, fish, and meat.
Common lithium side effects may include:
- tremors in your hands;
- dry mouth, increased thirst or urination;
- nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain;
- changes in your skin or hair;
- cold feeling or discoloration in your fingers or toes;
- feeling uneasy; or.
- impotence, loss of interest in sex.
If you suddenly stop taking lithium, one of the drugs most commonly prescribed to stabilize bipolar disorder moods, you can experience “rebound,” a worsening of your bipolar symptoms. “If those drugs are stopped suddenly, symptoms can come back even more severe than they were at the start.”
Lithium can have beneficial effects for people suffering from anxiety. However, because people with anxiety are at a higher risk for depression, it is good to bear in mind that special care must be taken to offset the potential side effects that may aggravate this condition even as the medication works to treat it.
According to one doctor on the internet Lithium has a half life of 24 hours. He stated it takes about 5 half-lives for a drug to completely your system so it will take about 5 days to get to 600 mg.
For lithium to reach its maximum effectiveness, two to three weeks are often required. To control severe mania, healthcare providers will often prescribe other medications while waiting for lithium to take effect. When the manic symptoms improve, the other medications may eventually be stopped or lowered.
Lithium withdrawal symptoms have been described in some patients, but it is not easy to distinguish them from depressive or manic symptoms, because no specific somatic withdrawal symptoms have been observed. The most important risk related to lithium discontinuation is the early recurrence of bipolar illness.
fever with muscle stiffness, sweating, fast or uneven heartbeats; or. early signs of lithium toxicity, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, muscle weakness, tremor, lack of coordination, blurred vision, or ringing in your ears.
Lithium carbonate, prescribed for bipolar disorder, has zero value as a recreational drug, although some people claim to be able to get high on anything. The fact is, if you're taking it in amounts great enough to feel a "buzz", you're poisoning yourself, and causing your sodium and potassium levels to plummet.
Most U.S. psychiatrists use combination therapies for bipolar disorder, particularly when treating acute manic states. The most common combination is a “known” mood stabilizer—such as lithium or divalproex—plus an antipsychotic to quickly control mania.
Lithium was completely absorbed when given after food, but when given on an empty stomach the absorption was lower in some subjects, apparently due to rapid gastrointestinal passage in connection with diarrhoea. Lithium should therefore preferably be administered after meals.
Lithium has a preventative effect when taken in the medium to long-term. Lithium is mostly taken for at least one to two years to derive full benefit from its use. Many people need to stay on it long-term to prevent the illness relapsing.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication. This includes the treatment of major depressive disorder that does not improve following the use of other antidepressants, and bipolar disorder. Lithium is taken by mouth.