What are the major electrolytes?
The major electrolytes: sodium, potassium, and chloride. Electrolytes are substances that dissociate in solution and have the ability to conduct an electrical current. These substances are located in the extracellular and intracellular fluid.
Electrolytes are present in the human body, and the balance of the electrolytes in our bodies is essential for normal function of our cells and our organs. Common electrolytes that are measured by doctors with blood testing include sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate.
- These ions generate electricity in your body and are necessary for your body to maintain a proper fluid balance, transmit nerve impulses, and contract your muscles. The minerals that make up electrolytes are sodium, chloride, phosphate, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
- Electrolytes are salts or molecules that ionize completely in solution. As a result, electrolyte solutions readily conduct electricity. Nonelectrolytes do not dissociate into ions in solution; nonelectrolyte solutions do not, therefore, conduct electricity.
- Canned tuna, canned salmon, soup, beans, pickles, olives and whole-grain bread are higher-sodium foods that are actually good for you. Since most of these foods are seasoned with table salt (a.k.a. sodium-chloride) you'll find both electrolytes. Milk, cheese and yogurt are packed with bone-building calcium.
Updated: 2nd October 2019