What are the four humors and what do they mean?

It may have origins in ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia, but it was the Greek physician Hippocrates (460–370 BC) who developed it into a medical theory. He believed certain human moods, emotions and behaviors were caused by an excess or lack of body fluids (called "humors"): blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.
A.

What are the four humours and what are they associated with?

The four humors are black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood. This theory was closely related to the theory of the four elements: earth, fire, water, and air; earth predominantly present in the black bile, fire in the yellow bile, water in the phlegm, and all four elements present in the blood.
  • Who proved that Galen was wrong?

    A young Flemish anatomist changed all that when he realized that Galen was dramatically wrong. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) started out his career as a defender of “Galenism” at the University of Paris.
  • What does it mean when you dream about a dead body?

    What do dreams about corpse mean? Seeing a corpse or dead body in a dream may represent something inside or some aspect of Self that has died but you are reluctant to forget about it or bury it in the past. A corpse may also suggest that you are feeling dead inside or you are unable to feel or express any emotions.
  • How much is a human cadaver worth?

    Delivery of an intact cadaver costs as little as $1,000, but different specialists seek out specific pieces of anatomy for their work, and individual parts can be expensive. A head can cost $500 in processing fees, according to brokers who handle such parts. A torso in good condition can fetch $5,000.
B.

What are the four personality types?

The Four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic.
  • What is a melancholy personality?

    Inclined to be passive. The melancholy is a passive temperament. The person possessing such a temperament, therefore, has not the vivacious, quick, progressive, active propensity, of the choleric or sanguine, but is slow, pensive, reflective.
  • What is the type D personality?

    Type D personality, a concept used in the field of medical psychology, is defined as the joint tendency towards negative affectivity (e.g. worry, irritability, gloom) and social inhibition (e.g. reticence and a lack of self-assurance).
  • What are the four humours and what are they associated with?

    The four humors are black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood. This theory was closely related to the theory of the four elements: earth, fire, water, and air; earth predominantly present in the black bile, fire in the yellow bile, water in the phlegm, and all four elements present in the blood.
C.

What is choleric humor?

Blood, or the Sanguine humor, is the red, hemoglobin-rich portion. Phlegm, or the Phlegmatic humor, is present as the clear plasma portion. Yellow Bile, or the Choleric humor, is present as a slight residue or bilirubin, imparting a slight yellowish tint.
  • What did Hippocrates discover?

    As a holistic healing system, Hippocratic medicine treated the patient, and not just the disease. Hippocrates was the first physician to systematically classify diseases based on points of similarity and contrast between them. He virtually originated the disciplines of etiology and pathology.
  • What did Galen do?

    Galen put forward the theory that illness was caused by an imbalance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile. He recommended specific diets to help in the "cleansing of the putrefied juices" and often purging and bloodletting would be used.
  • What are the four humors and what do they mean?

    It may have origins in ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia, but it was the Greek physician Hippocrates (460–370 BC) who developed it into a medical theory. He believed certain human moods, emotions and behaviors were caused by an excess or lack of body fluids (called "humors"): blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.

Updated: 23rd October 2018

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