What are the four common types of files?
The four common types of files are document, worksheet, database and presentation files. Connectivity is the capability of microcomputer to share information with other computers.
The Different Extensions & When to Use Them
- JPEG (or JPG) - Joint Photographic Experts Group.
- PNG – Portable Network Graphics.
- GIF – Graphics Interchange Format.
- TIF – Tagged Image File.
- PSD – Photoshop Document.
- PDF – Portable Document Format.
- EPS – Encapsulated Postscript.
- AI – Adobe Illustrator Document.
- A file format is the structure of how information is stored (encoded) in a computer file. File formats are designed to store specific types of information, such as JPEG and TIFF for image or raster data, AI (Adobe Illustrator) for vector data, or PDF for document exchange.
- JPEG compression is used in a number of image file formats. JPEG/Exif is the most common image format used by digital cameras and other photographic image capture devices; along with JPEG/JFIF, it is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.
- A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file. The extension indicates a characteristic of the file contents or its intended use. A file extension is typically delimited from the filename with a full stop (period), but in some systems it is separated with spaces.
Below is the most common file extensions used with text files and documents.
- .doc and .docx - Microsoft Word file.
- .odt - OpenOffice Writer document file.
- .pdf - PDF file.
- .rtf - Rich Text Format.
- .tex - A LaTeX document file.
- .txt - Plain text file.
- .wks and .wps- Microsoft Works file.
- .wpd - WordPerfect document.
- A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exists a multitude of incompatible document file formats.
- HTM is a file extension for HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) file format. HTM and HTML are the most common type of documents used to build static webpages. Both HTM and HTML may contain links to images, audio, video and scripts. Any browser or web editing program can open HTM files.
- A file type is a name given to a specific kind of file. For example, a Microsoft Word document and an Adobe Photoshop document are two different file types. File extensions are also used by the operating system to associate file types with specific programs.
In summary, the most common document file extensions are:
- .DOC and DOCX.
- .HTML and .HTM.
- .XLS and XLSX.
- .PPT and .PPTX.
- The four common types of files are document, worksheet, database and presentation files. Connectivity is the capability of microcomputer to share information with other computers.
- Uncheck the box titled "Hide extensions for known file types" like so: Click OK. Now you should be able to see the file extension: Right-click the file name and select Rename (or left-click and hold down the button for one second).
- A file size is the measure of space a file takes on a storage medium such as a computer hard drive. File sizes can be measured in bytes (B), kilobytes (KB), megabytes (MB), gigabytes (GB), terabytes (TB), and beyond.
Updated: 3rd October 2019