2nd October 2019

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What are the five main components of soil?

Soil is composed of a matrix of minerals, organic matter, air, and water. Each component is important for supporting plant growth, microbial communities, and chemical decomposition. Image courtesy of FAO. The largest component of soil is the mineral portion, which makes up approximately 45% to 49% of the volume.

Thereof, what are the main components of soil?

One part of soil is rock that has been broken down over time by wind, water, and chemical processes. Another material is called organic matter. It is made up of decaying plant and animal matter. Water and air are the other ingredients in soil.

What are the basic components of soil?

The basic components of soil are minerals, organic matter, water and air. The typical soil consists of approximately 45% mineral, 5% organic matter, 20-30% water, and 20-30% air.
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