What are the early signs of tuberculosis?

Signs and symptoms of active TB include:
  • Coughing that lasts three or more weeks.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.
  • Unintentional weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Chills.
A.

What is TB of the bones?

Bone tuberculosis (TB) is one of the forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis that affects, above all, the spine, long bones and joints. This refers to the infection of one or more vertebral bodies by Mycobacterium tuberculosis with or without involvement of the spinal canal 2,3 .
  • What causes TB of the bones?

    The occurrence of additional symptoms depends on where the disease has spread beyond the chest and lungs. For example, if TB spreads to the lymph nodes, it can cause swollen glands at the sides of the neck or under the arms. When TB spreads to the bones and joints, it can cause pain and swelling of the knee or hip.
  • What is lymph node tuberculosis?

    Scrofula is the term used for lymphadenopathy of the neck, usually as a result of an infection in the lymph nodes, known as lymphadenitis. About 95% of the scrofula cases in adults are caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, most often in immunocompromised patients (about 50% of cervical tuberculous lymphadenopathy).
  • What is skeletal tuberculosis?

    Skeletal tuberculosis (TB) refers to TB involvement of the bones and/or joints. Subsequently, molecular studies have established the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA in ancient bony specimens [2,4].
B.

What is TB and its symptoms?

TB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs, and can cause symptoms such as: A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. Pain in the chest. Coughing up blood or sputum (mucus from deep inside the lungs)
  • What is the first sign of tuberculosis?

    TB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs, and can cause symptoms such as: A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. Pain in the chest. Coughing up blood or sputum (mucus from deep inside the lungs)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of tuberculosis?

    Signs and symptoms of active TB include:
    • Coughing that lasts three or more weeks.
    • Coughing up blood.
    • Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.
    • Unintentional weight loss.
    • Fatigue.
    • Fever.
    • Night sweats.
    • Chills.
  • What does tuberculosis do to the human body?

    When a person gets active TB disease, it means TB bacteria are multiplying and attacking the lung(s) or other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bones, kidney, brain, spine, and even the skin. From the lungs, TB bacteria move through the blood or lymphatic system to different parts of the body.

Updated: 23rd October 2018

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