The States. The Bill of Rights applies mostly to the federal government, so citizens were not protected from the states' encroaching on their civil liberties. The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, protects citizens against state infringements of the rights and liberties guaranteed in the Constitution.
In this way, what are our civil liberties?
Civil liberties protected in the Bill of Rights may be divided into two broad areas: freedoms and rights guaranteed in the First Amendment (religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition) and liberties and rights associated with crime and due process.
What are the civil liberties of the United States?
The essential civil liberties guaranteed in the United States are, in no particular order:
- Right to privacy.
- Right to a jury trial.
- Right to freedom of religion.
- Right to travel freely.
- Right to freedom of speech.
- Right to be free from self-incrimination.
- Right to bear arms.
- Right to marry.
What is the difference between civil rights and civil liberties?
So there's a distinction between civil rights, which means 'the basic right to be free from unequal treatment, based on certain characteristics which we deem important, like race, gender, and disability,' and civil liberties, which are 'basic freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights or interpreted through the years by