Cilia are composed of smaller protein pieces called tubulin and are connected to the cell by the basal body. These tubulin pieces are manufactured in the cell and then transported to the surface. When motile cilia work together to move molecules and liquids past the cells, it is called intraflagellar transport.
In this manner, what is the main function of the cilia?
'Motile' (or moving) cilia are found in the lungs, respiratory tract and middle ear. These cilia have a rhythmic waving or beating motion (see right). They work, for instance, to keep the airways clear of mucus and dirt, allowing us to breathe easily and without irritation. They also help propel sperm.
What are Ciliopathies?
A ciliopathy is a genetic disorder of the cellular cilia or the cilia anchoring structures, the basal bodies, or of ciliary function.
What is the function of the flagellum?
A flagellum is a whip-like structure that allows a cell to move. They are found in all three domains of the living world: bacteria, archaea, and eukaryota, also known as protists, plants, animals, and fungi. While all three types of flagella are used for locomotion, they are structurally very different.