This unit teaches five common text structures used in informational and nonfiction text: description, sequence, cause and effect, compare and contrast, and problem and solution.
Also, what is an informational text?
Informational text is a subset of the larger category of nonfiction (Duke & Bennett-Armistead, 2003). Its primary purpose is to inform the reader about the natural or social world. Different from fiction, and other forms of nonfiction, informational text does not utilize characters.
What are the elements of informational text?
Informational text is nonfiction writing, written with the intention of informing the reader about a specific topic. It is typically found in magazines, science or history books, autobiographies and instruction manuals.
Text features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body of text. These include the table of contents, index, glossary, headings, bold words, sidebars, pictures and captions, and labeled diagrams. A poorly organized text can impede the reader by being counterintuitive.
Text structure refers to how the text is organized. For example, a text might present a main idea and then details, a cause and then its effects, an effect and the causes, two different views of a topic, etc.
RI.9-10.2.07 Identify text structures (e.g., sequence/chronological order, classification, definition, process, description, comparison, problem/solution, cause/effect). RI.9-10.7.03 Compare and contrast coverage of the same event, person, or story in different media and by different people.
Compare and Contrast is a text structure or pattern of organization where the similarities and differences of two or more things are explored.
Text structure refers to how the information within a written text is organized. This strategy helps students understand that a text might present a main idea and details; a cause and then its effects; and/or different views of a topic.
Cause and effect is a common way to organize information in a text. Paragraphs structured as cause and effect explain reasons why something happened or the effects of something. The cause and effect text structure is generally used in expository and persuasive writing modes.
Structure refers to the order of ideas; the progression of your writing should feel smooth with similar points linked together. Structuring your work is a key aspect of good academic writing ensuring that related sections are linked together and that the ideas and arguments progress in a logical and orderly manner.
True and deliberate expository text will focus on educating its reader. Other descriptors of exposition are clear, concise, and organized writing. Expository text gets to the point quickly and efficiently. The opposite of this is narrative text, which tells a story and generally uses a lot of emotion.
Structure of Descriptive Essay. Home » Structure-of-descriptive-essay. A descriptive essay is considered to be extremely powerful in its sole purpose. It stimulates to feel and imagine provoking smells, sensations, and visions. An impression lies at the very heart of a good descriptive essay.
Problem and Solution Text Structure. Authors sometimes organize their writing by problem and solution. The author will present a problem that needs to be solved. A problem can be between individuals or groups, or it might be with something that is going on in the world. A problem might even occur with just one person.
Authors sometimes organize their writing in chronological order. Chronological order is the order in which things happen. It is also called time order. Read the paragraph below to help you understand chronological text structure.
Text structure refers to the ways that authors organize information in text. Teaching students to recognize the underlying structure of content-area texts can help students focus attention on key concepts and relationships, anticipate what's to come, and monitor their comprehension as they read.
Those reasons are called the author's purpose. Depending on the purpose, authors may choose all different sorts of writing formats, genres and vernacular. A simple trick to summarize the three main categories of author's purpose is to use the acronym PIE, which stands for persuade, inform and entertain.
Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe. and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text.
In composition, problem-solution is a method for analyzing and writing about a topic by identifying a problem and proposing one or more solutions. A problem-solution essay is a type of argument.
Here are seven-steps for an effective problem-solving process.
- Identify the issues. Be clear about what the problem is.
- Understand everyone's interests.
- List the possible solutions (options)
- Evaluate the options.
- Select an option or options.
- Document the agreement(s).
- Agree on contingencies, monitoring, and evaluation.
To write a cause and effect essay, you'll need to determine a scenario in which one action or event caused certain effects to occur. Then, explain what took place and why! This essay allows us to identify patterns and explain why things turned out the way that they did.
Cause and Effect Examples in Sentences. When water is heated, the molecules move quickly, therefore the water boils. A tornado blew the roof off the house, and as a result, the family had to find another place to live. Because the alarm was not set, we were late for work.
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay
- Begin with your thesis statement. It should state the event, phenomenon, or trend that you want to explore in your essay.
- All of the other paragraphs should begin with topic sentences that explore one of the cause and effect aspects.
- End your essay by drawing your discussion together neatly.