Aristotle's accomplishments as a philosopher (a term which in his time meant as much scientist as philosopher) were extraordinary, undoubtedly the greatest in the Western tradition. He invented formal logic. He essentially invented descriptive biology, physics, psychology, and comparative political institutions.
Why is Aristotle so important?
The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics. In Arabic philosophy, he was known simply as “The First Teacher”; in the West, he was “The Philosopher.”
What is the major contribution of Aristotle?
Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates.