Other endocrine disorders include:
- Adrenal insufficiency. The adrenal gland releases too little of the hormone cortisol and sometimes, aldosterone.
- Cushing's disease.
- Gigantism (acromegaly) and other growth hormone problems.
Simply so, what are the major parts of the endocrine system?
The major glands that make up the human endocrine system include the:
- pituitary gland.
- adrenal glands.
- pineal body.
- reproductive glands (which include the ovaries and testes)
What is in the endocrine system?
The pancreas is located deep inside the abdomen. The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things.
These glands produce different types of hormones that evoke a specific response in other cells, tissues, and/or organs located throughout the body. The hormones reach these faraway targets using the blood stream. Like the nervous system, the endocrine system is one of your body's main communicators.
The endocrinologist specializes in treating disorders of the endocrine system such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, diabetes, disorders of menopause, PMS, andropause, pituitary disorders such as growth hormone deficiency and adrenal disorders such as Cushing's disease or Addison's disease.
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses. These disruptions can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Any system in the body controlled by hormones can be derailed by hormone disruptors.
The endocrine system and diabetes. Diabetes affects how the body regulates blood glucose levels. Medications for type 2 diabetes include those which help to increase insulin sensitivity, those which stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin and other medications which inhibit the release of glucagon.
It makes and releases a bunch of hormones that control other glands and body functions. Tiny and tucked beneath your brain, the pituitary helps you grow big by producing growth hormone. Your thyroid (say: THY-royd) gland is in your neck and it's shaped like a bowtie or a butterfly.
Common Endocrine Disorders
- Type 1 Diabetes.
- Type 2 Diabetes.
- Thyroid Cancer.
- Addison's Disease.
- Cushing's Syndrome.
- Graves' Disease.
- Hashimoto's Thyroiditis.
Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is the prototypic autoimmune disease. There are facets of the disease that are clearly endocrine in nature including the signi?cant effect that sex steroid hormones have on the illness, and the role of prolactin.
Osteoporosis & Calcium Disorders. Osteoporosis is a disease of the skeleton that is associated with loss of bone tissue, which leads to damage to the bone architecture and an increased risk of fractures. Several endocrine problems are known to be associated with an increased risk for osteoporosis.
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things.
Polycystic ovary syndrome: a common endocrine disorder and risk factor for vascular disease. Author information: During the reproductive years, women with PCOS seek medical attention related to infertility, hirsutism, and acne. About 60% of women with PCOS are obese and insulin resistant.
The endocrine system influences how your heart beats, how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.
The pancreas produces 2 antagonistic hormones to control blood sugar: glucagon and insulin. The alpha cells of the pancreas produce glucagon. Glucagon raises blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to metabolize glycogen into glucose molecules and to release glucose into the blood.
The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemical substances produced in the body that regulate the activity of cells or organs. These hormones regulate the body's growth, metabolism (the physical and chemical processes of the body), and sexual development and function.
Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct. The major glands of the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus and adrenal glands.
Depending on which hormones are affected, symptoms might include:
- Unexplained weight loss or weight gain.
- Loss of body hair.
- Feeling cold.
- Feeling tired or weak.
- Menstrual changes or loss of menstrual periods in women.
- Erectile dysfunction (trouble with erections) in men.
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder resulting from deficiency of thyroid hormone. Worldwide, iodine deficiency remains the foremost cause of hypothyroidism. In the United States and other areas of adequate iodine intake, autoimmune thyroid disease (Hashimoto disease) is the most common cause.