2nd October 2019

encyclopedia
12

What are ribosomes and where can they be found?

In eukaryotic cells ribosomes are synthesized in the nucleolus but are found predominantly in the cytoplasm, singly or in chains (polysomes or polyribosomes, probably linked by the m-RNA), or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, which is then termed 'rough ER'.

Where ribosomes are synthesized?

In bacterial cells, ribosomes are synthesized in the cytoplasm through the transcription of multiple ribosome gene operons. In eukaryotes, the process takes place both in the cell cytoplasm and in the nucleolus, which is a region within the cell nucleus.
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