What are eaves and gables?
Definition: An Eave is defined as the edge of the roof that overhangs the face of a wall. This is the portion of the roof that protrudes beyond the side of a house or building. In contrast, a Gable (or Rake) is the overhang of a building that occurs on the side that is topped by a gable roof.
The eaves are the edges of the roof which overhang the face of a wall and, normally, project beyond the side of a building. The eaves form an overhang to throw water clear of the walls and may be highly decorated as part of an architectural style, such as the Chinese dougong bracket systems.
- Gabled roofs are the kind young children typically draw. They have two sloping sides that come together at a ridge, creating end walls with a triangular extension, called a gable, at the top. The house shown here has two gable roofs and two dormers, each with gable roofs of their own.
- Roof Verge Requiring Rebedding The edge of a pitched roof as it meets the gable end is called a verge. Tiles on the verge are often mortared to prevent rain and wind from getting underneath the tiles.
- The Longest Overhangs. Two feet is the general maximum length for a typical roof overhang. This will protect a roof from most types of damage. Roof overhangs can extend farther than 2 feet, but beyond this length, they begin to lose structural integrity and require external supports.
Eave fascia board in need of replacement due to hole from squirrel. The eaves on a house are enclosed with a vertical fascia board to cover the end of the roof rafters or ceiling joists, and horizontal soffit boards to cover the bottom of the roofs rafters or joists.
- Fascia of Scarpa. Deep fascia. Fascia of muscles. This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body.
- Replacing your soffit generally costs about $20 to $30 a linear foot installed, while replacing your fascia costs about $15 to $25 a linear foot installed. Prices for the project depend on a number of factors, including the materials used and the size of your house.
- Typical costs for vinyl or wood fascia boards and soffits range from $6 to $10 per linear foot, and the cost to fit out a simple single-level home is anything from $600 to $2,000. The price of aluminum fascia ranges from $8 to $20 or more, and the budget for a single-story home ranges from $800 to $6,000.
These two architectural terms are often used interchangeably and it's understandable since two people pointing out the soffits and eaves on a house, let's say, may appear to pointing to the same thing. So in summary, an eave is part of a roof system and a soffit, in that context, is part of the eave.
- A frieze board is essentially a horizontal board between 2 inches and 6 inches wide, but this can vary for certain types of applications. A brick box is a type of house made mostly of brick.
- The soffit board is tucked away under the fascia board. It is usually the board that you see most of from street level. The soffit can be ventilated to allow the flow of air into the roof area. Without adequate ventilation, condensation will form in the roof void increasing the risk of timber decay.
- Framing a gable roof overhang is one of the trickiest parts to building any gable roof. A lot of carpenters let the roof sheathing run wild when framing the gable overhang, then cut the sheathing to form a straight line to hang the fly rafter on.
Updated: 5th October 2018