What antibiotics are effective against E coli?
Antibiotics which may be used to treat E. coli infection include amoxicillin, as well as other semisynthetic penicillins, many cephalosporins, carbapenems, aztreonam, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin and the aminoglycosides. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem.
E. coli isolates showed high rates of resistance to erythromycin, amoxicillin and tetracycline. Nitrofurantoin, norflaxocin, gentamicin and ciprofloxacin are considered appropriate for empirical treatment of E. coli in the study area. Regular monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility is recommended.
- Types of drugs that interact with doxycycline include:
- Calcium supplements.
- Iron supplements and laxatives that contain magnesium.
- Blood thinners, such as warfarin (Coumadin)
- Barbiturates and anti-seizure drugs, such as carbamazepine (Tegretol) and phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Oral birth control pills.
- If your stomach becomes upset when you take doxycycline, you may take it with food or milk. However, taking doxycycline with milk or food may decrease the amount of medication absorbed from your stomach. Take doxycycline exactly as directed.
- Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- severe headache, dizziness, blurred vision;
- fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, or general ill feeling;
- urinating less than usual or not at all;
- diarrhea that is watery or bloody.
E.coli Home Recovery Remedies:
- Drink Clear Liquids. Drink plenty of clear liquids, including purified water, clear soups and broths, gelatin, and juices.
- Get Bed Rest. Minimize all activities and stay in bed as much as possible.
- Add Foods Gradually.
- Avoid Certain Foods.
- Avoid Anti-Diarrhea Medication.
- How long does it last? Symptoms usually last 5 to 10 days. People with mild symptoms usually recover on their own without treatment. Antibiotics are not helpful for treating E. coli O157 infections, and may even increase the likelihood of developing HUS.
- Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria normally live in the intestines of healthy people and animals. Most varieties of E. coli are harmless or cause relatively brief diarrhea. But a few particularly nasty strains, such as E. coli O157:H7, can cause severe abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea and vomiting.
- Early symptoms of E. coli O157:H7 infection
- Stomach cramps.
- Diarrhea that often is bloody.
- Fever of about 100 F to 101 F (37.7 C to 38.3 C)
- Loss of appetite.
- Mild dehydration.
How long does it last? Symptoms usually last 5 to 10 days. People with mild symptoms usually recover on their own without treatment. Antibiotics are not helpful for treating E. coli O157 infections, and may even increase the likelihood of developing HUS.
- Signs You Have Food Poisoning. Cramps in your stomach and gut, diarrhea, and vomiting may start as early as 1 hour after eating tainted food and as late as 10 days or longer. It depends on what is causing the infection.
- E. coli O157:H7 is most commonly found in cows, although chickens, deer, sheep, and pigs have also been known to carry it. Meat becomes contaminated during slaughter, when infected animal intestines or feces come in contact with the carcass.
- The Gram stain color and the bacterial shape give clues as to what bacteria might be causing the infection. One example of gram-positive cocci is Staphylococcus aureus, the bacteria associated with staph infections. An example of gram-negative bacteria is Escherichia coli, the cause of many urinary tract infections.
Updated: 12th October 2018