Simply speaking, C++ is object oriented (so, for examples, you have classes), C is not. C++ has a boolean type C89 doesn't. They are different languages. They just share most of the syntax.
Also know, what is the C or C++?
C++, pronounced "C plus plus," is a programming language that was built off the C language. The syntax of C++ is nearly identical to C, but it has object-oriented features, which allow the programmer to create objects within the code.
What is the C and C ++?
In C (because it is a procedural programming language), data and functions are separate and free entities. In C++ (when it is used as object oriented programming language), data and functions are encapsulated together in form of an object. For creating objects class provides a blueprint of structure of the object.
It used to be true that C++ was considerably slower than C. But on most major platforms, the difference in performance today is small. But in almost all cases, C++ is the next fastest language after C. It is generally much faster than JVM and .NET hosted languages.
The major difference between C and C++ is that C is a procedural programming language and does not support classes and objects, while C++ is a combination of both procedural and object oriented programming language; therefore C++ can be called a hybrid language.
Object oriented Programming language. This main advantage of C++ is, it is object oriented programming language. It follow concept of oops like polymorphism, inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction.
C# vs. C++: Major Similarities. C# is a C-based language, so it makes the two syntaxes similar. Object-oriented: Although the syntax is slightly different, the concept of classes, inheritance and polymorphism. Compiled languages: Unlike Java which is an interpreted language, both C# and C++ are compiled languages.
1. JAVA is Object-Oriented while C is procedural. Different Paradigms, that is. Most differences between the features of the two languages arise due to the use of different programming paradigms. C breaks down to functions while JAVA breaks down to Objects. C is more procedure-oriented while JAVA is data-oriented.
Object Oriented Programming. Object Oriented programming is a programming style that is associated with the concept of Class, Objects and various other concepts revolving around these two, like Inheritance, Polymorphism, Abstraction, Encapsulation etc.
As, embedded C is generally an extension of the C language, they are more or less similar. However, some differences do exist, such as: C is generally used for desktop computers, while embedded C is for microcontroller based applications. C can use the resources of a desktop PC like memory, OS, etc.
Which means object oriented programs cannot be written using the C language. However, C# and C++ are object oriented programming languages (like Java - the most famous object oriented programming language). However C++ is not an event-driven programming language. This is one of the major differences between C# and C++.
A class in C++ is a user defined type or data structure declared with keyword class that has data and functions (also called methods) as its members whose access is governed by the three access specifiers private, protected or public (by default access to members of a class is private).
In practice, it's usually not really like that, but it's still much easier than writing a C++ cross-platform code. On the language level, they both have C-like syntax, but they're not the same languages. EDIT: Both Java and C++ support OOP, but are not OOP languages.
Encapsulation is a process of combining data members and functions in a single unit called class. This is to prevent the access to the data directly, the access to them is provided through the functions of the class. It is one of the popular feature of Object Oriented Programming(OOPs) that helps in data hiding.
The confusion may be that C can be used to implement object oriented concepts like polymorphism, encapsulation, etc. which may lead your friend to believe that C is object oriented. The problem is that to be considered an object oriented programming language, these features would need to be built into the language.
C++ is a general-purpose object-oriented programming (OOP) language, developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, and is an extension of the C language. It is therefore possible to code C++ in a "C style" or "object-oriented style." However, it was renamed C++ in 1983.
C++ Classes and Objects. Class: The building block of C++ that leads to Object Oriented programming is a Class. It is a user defined data type, which holds its own data members and member functions, which can be accessed and used by creating an instance of that class.
Object − Objects have states and behaviors. Example: A dog has states - color, name, breed as well as behaviors – wagging the tail, barking, eating. An object is an instance of a class. Class − A class can be defined as a template/blueprint that describes the behavior/state that the object of its type support.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) refers to a type of computer programming (software design) in which programmers define not only the data type of a data structure, but also the types of operations (functions) that can be applied to the data structure.
The inline functions are a C++ enhancement feature to increase the execution time of a program. Functions can be instructed to compiler to make them inline so that compiler can replace those function definition wherever those are being called.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around objects rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. Historically, a program has been viewed as a logical procedure that takes input data, processes it, and produces output data.
There are two types of header files: the files that the programmer writes and the files that comes with your compiler. You request to use a header file in your program by including it with the C preprocessing directive #include, like you have seen inclusion of stdio.h header file, which comes along with your compiler.