Hexatonic. The hexatonic, or six-note, blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus the 𘁇th degree. A major feature of the blues scale is the use of blue notes; however, since blue notes are considered alternative inflections, a blues scale may be considered to not fit the traditional definition of a scale.
What are the notes of the minor pentatonic scale?
The Minor Pentatonic Scale is constructed of five notes (hence the prefix penta-), and is constructed using the formula: 1 b3 4 5 b7, which means the Minor Pentatonic uses the 1st, flatted 3rd, 4th, 5th ,and flatted 7th note of the Major Scale. So in E minor Pentatonic you would have the notes E, G, A, B, and D.
1. C blues scale
|Note no.||Note name|
|2||The 2nd note of the C blues scale is Eb|
|3||The 3rd note of the C blues scale is F|
|4||The 4th note of the C blues scale is Gb|
|5||The 5th note of the C blues scale is G|
A pentatonic scale is a scale that has 5 notes per octave. The minor pentatonic scale is typically the first scale guitarists learn to solo with and is very commonly used to form solos in rock, blues, and other popular styles. The scale is quick to learn and easy to learn to improvise and phrase with.
Lead Belly was among the first guitar-players to adapt the rolling bass of boogie-woogie piano. Texas, as the state of origin, became reinforced by Jelly Roll Morton, who said he heard the boogie piano style there early in the 20th century, as did Leadbelly and Bunk Johnson, according to Rosetta Reitz.
Melodic Minor Scales. The melodic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale due the sixth and seventh notes are raised a semi-step, and therefore no longer mirror the major scale. This scale is also some kind of peculiar since it is sometimes played differently ascending and descending.
While it's true that there are twelve different notes and twelve different major scales, you also have to consider minor scales. With minor scales you have two forms of each scale, the harmonic and the melodic, so you now have 36 scales.
Most of the time, when all else is held constant, music in a major key is judged as happy while minor key music is heard as sad. I say most of the time because it's not true across the board. Minor music can be happy even if people do not understand the lyrics, such as in Van Morrison's 'Moondance'.
See also major scales exercises and arpeggios.
- C Major. Notes: C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.
- E Major. Notes: E, F#, G#, A, B, C#, D#, E.
- G Major. Notes: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, G.
- B Major. Notes: B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, B.
- D# / Eb Major. Notes: Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, D, Eb.
- G# / Ab Major. Notes: Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab.
The main chord qualities are:
- Major, and minor.
- Augmented, diminished, and half-diminished.
All 12 Major Scales. (You may want to read the articles about Scales, the Major Scale, or Key Signatures first.) There are 12 different Major Scales: One with no sharps or flats, 4 with sharps, 4 with flats, and 3 with either sharps or flats depending upon enharmonic spelling.
Scales with flat key signatures
|Major key||Number of flats||Flat notes|
|B♭ major||2||B♭, E♭|
|E♭ major||3||B♭, E♭, A♭|
|A♭ major||4||B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭|
The Blues scale consists of 6 different notes. They are the 5 notes of the minor pentatonic scale, plus one additional note. The note added is the diminished 5th (o5) measured from the scale tonic. The b3, b5 and b7 notes of the scale (for C Blues scale : Eb, Gb and Bb) are the so called blue notes of the scale.
|Key Sig.||Major Key||Minor Key|
|1 sharp||G major||E minor|
|2 sharps||D major||B minor|
|3 sharps||A major||F sharp minor|
|4 sharps||E major||C sharp minor|
- F# is the tonic of the F-sharp major scale.
- G# is the supertonic of the F-sharp major scale.
- A# is the mediant of the scale.
- B is the subdominant of the scale.
- C# is the dominant of the scale.
- D# is the submediant of the scale.
- E# is the leading tone of the scale.
- F# is the octave of the scale.
G♯ major (or the key of G♯) is a theoretical key based on the musical note G♯, consisting of the pitches G♯, A♯, B♯, C♯, D♯, E♯ and F . Its key signature has six sharps and one double sharp.
- Step 1: Understand the Major Scale Formula.
- Step 2: Construct a Staff.
- Step 3: Draw a Treble Clef on the Far Left Side of Your Staff.
- Step 4: Begin to Notate a C Major Scale.
- Step 5: Begin to Notate a C Major Scale.
- Step 6: Draw a Double Bar Line to Signify That Your Composition Is Complete.
A major scale contains a total of eight notes or two tetrachords joined together by a whole step.
The distance between the 3rd and 4th notes and the 7th and 8th notes are half steps. Those are the two naturally occuring half steps in a major scale. In a major scale, there are two naturally occuring half steps. In the key of C Major, those two half steps are between B & C and E & F.
Db to B is also an augmented 6th (Since Db to Bb is a major sixth). A diminished interval has one less half step than a perfect interval. A diminished interval has one less semitone than a perfect interval. Since C to G is a perfect fifth (7 half steps), C to Gb would be a diminished fifth (6 half steps).
The relative minor for A major is F sharp minor. The relative minor of a major key is based on the 6th note of the major scale. Major scales and their relative minor scales have the same notes except that they start on a different note. The notes of the F# minor scale are F# – G# – A – B – C# – D – E – F#.