Unless it specifies ceramic or silicon based non-stick, non-stick cookware contains some form of PTFE or related plastic compound. When they say 'it's not Teflon', they are right. And when they say PFOA free, it means that particular chemical wasn't used in the manufacture of PTFE. But it's still PTFE.
Is non stick cookware harmful?
Most nonstick pans are coated with polytetrafluoroethylene, also known as Teflon. And there are a lot of rumors out there that Teflon might be toxic and that these pans may not be safe to use. One concern is that the nonstick coating can flake off and be ingested.
Is it safe to eat non stick coating?
So if you accidentally eat a piece of the coating, it will not hurt you. Non-stick coatings (such as Teflon) are a perfluorocarbon resin. Use only mild abrasives to clean non-stick cookware Do not use badly scratched non-stick coated cookware because the metal beneath the coating might not be safe for food contact.