Ammonia is considered as a base because Nitrogen atom in it contains lone pair of electrons hence it can donate electrons to other atoms therefore it can be considered as base. Due to the presence of a lone pair on NH3. It abstracts a proton or H+ ion released by an acid.
What is the PH of nh3?
Ammonia is moderately basic, a 1.0 M aqueous solution has a pH of 11.6 and if a strong acid is added to such a solution until the solution is neutral (pH = 7), 99.4% of the ammonia molecules are protonated.
Is ammonia negatively charged?
The positively charged H+ ion, or proton, is attracted to the lone pair at the negative end of the ammonia dipole. The sole but crucial difference is that the ammonium ion has one more proton in the nucleus of the central atom and hence an overall charge of +1.