Is India a high power distance country?
Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. India scores high on this dimension, 77, indicating an appreciation for hierarchy and a top-down structure in society and organizations.
Power Distance in The United States. While all societies and cultures are not equal, the range of inequality varies from culture to culture. The United States score is a low 40, which is no surprise. We value the American premise of “liberty and justice for all.”
- Yes, Japanese are always conscious of their hierarchical position in any social setting and act accordingly. However, it is not as hierarchical as most of the other Asian cultures. Another example of not so high Power Distance is that Japan has always been a meritocratic society.
- Power distance is the degree to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations accept that power is distributed unequally. In very high power distance cultures, the lower level person will unfailingly defer to the higher level person, and feel relatively ok with that as it is the natural order.
- In-group collectivism is "the degree to which individuals express pride, loyalty, and cohesiveness in their organizations or families" (House et al, 2004, p. 30). Some of the characteristics of societies that have high and low in-group collectivism (based on House et al, 2004, Table 16.1, p. 454).
Definition of Power Distance. Power distance is a term that describes how people belonging to a specific culture view power relationships - superior/subordinate relationships - between people, including the degree that people not in power accept that power is spread unequally.
- The common components across cultures are symbols, values and norms. All cultures include symbols which confer meanings to things and events. These symbols are expressed through what we call language. Language conveys the beliefs and values of a culture.
- Cultural intelligence or cultural quotient (CQ) is a term used in business, education, government and academic research. Cultural intelligence can be understood as the capability to relate and work effectively across cultures.
- Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. India scores high on this dimension, 77, indicating an appreciation for hierarchy and a top-down structure in society and organizations.
Dimensions of national cultures. Power distance index (PDI): The power distance index is defined as “the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.”
- Low-context culture is a term used by anthropologist Edward T. Hall in 1976 to describe a communication style that relies heavily on explicit and direct language. Learn more about low-context cultures from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz. Intro to Anthropology: Help and Review / Social Science Courses.
- Time orientation of a culture reflects a preference toward past, present, or future thinking. It effects how a culture values time and believes they can control it. American culture values focus on the future. In cultures like India where relationships matter, longer term orientation abounds.
- Professor Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. Through the publication of his scholarly book, Culture's Consequences (1980, new edition 2001, Geert Hofstede (1928) became the founder of comparative intercultural research.
Updated: 2nd October 2019