Is hand sanitizer an antiseptic or disinfectant?
Hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol or contains a "persistent antiseptic" should be used. Alcohol rubs kill many different kinds of bacteria, including antibiotic resistant bacteria and TB bacteria. 90% alcohol rubs are more effective against viruses than most other form of hand washing.
An antiseptic is used on living tissues and cells to destroy any types of infections which may be living on the tissue. Disinfectants are meant to destroy microorganisms which can infect nonliving objects. Common antiseptics include mouthwash, and yeast infection treatment creams.
- Use Dettol Antiseptic Disinfectant Liquid to kill germs on the skin, help protect against infection from cuts, scratches and insect bites and it can also be used as a household disinfectant on surfaces or in laundry.
- What is the significant difference between a product that is antiseptic and one that is antibacterial? Antibacterial products kill bacteria, or hinder their reproduction. Antiseptic substances inhibit the growth and reproduction of many microorganisms, including bacteria, as well as fungi, protozoa, and viruses.
- Disinfectants such as alcohol kill pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms including bacteria. However, there are bacteria that are resistant to disinfectants such as spores. Alcohol, as any disinfectant, reduces the number of organisms. Disinfectants are applied only on inanimate objects.
Sterilization is the destruction of all microorganisms on an inanimate surface or object. Note that like disinfection, most, but not all microorganisms are killed, and unlike both sterilization and disinfection, antisepsis refers to living tissue. A substance that is used for antisepsis is known as an antiseptic.
- Sterilization describes a process that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life and is carried out in health-care facilities by physical or chemical methods. Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects (Tables 1 and 2).
- Bleach is a strong and effective disinfectant. Its active ingredient, sodium hypochlorite, denatures protein in micro-organisms and is therefore effective in killing bacteria, fungus and viruses. Household bleach works quickly and is widely available at a low cost.
- Definition of Frequently Used Terms. Sterilization-destruction or removal of all viable organisms from an object or from a particular environment. Disinfection-killing, inhibition, or removal of pathogenic microorganisms (usually on inanimate objects)
Antiseptics are used on living things. Common disinfectants include alcohols, quarternary ammonium salts, formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, bleach, chloramine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, silver dihydrogen citrate, and thymol. One non-chemical disinfectant is UV light.
- There are a variety of antiseptics in common use today that can be classified by their active chemical ingredients.
- Alcohol Antiseptics.
- Chlorhexidine Antiseptics.
- Idophor Antiseptics.
- Peroxygen Antiseptics.
- Phenol Antiseptics.
- Quaternary Ammonium Compound Antiseptics.
- Disinfection and sterilization are both decontamination processes. While disinfection is the process of eliminating or reducing harmful microorganisms from inanimate objects and surfaces, sterilization is the process of killing all microorganisms. That is the main difference between sterilizing and disinfecting.
- Some common antiseptics are alcohol, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, and boric acid. There is great variation in the ability of antiseptics to destroy microorganisms and in their effect on living tissue. For example, mercuric chloride is a powerful antiseptic, but it irritates delicate tissue.
Updated: 4th December 2019