Hydrogen has 1 electron in its outer most orbit . If we somehow by any means strike off that electron , we get H+ ion which is positively charged ion i.e..cation . Differences will be - oppositely charged , cation and electron , having nucleus and without nucleus , charge quantity and several more .
Similarly one may ask, what is the charge of hydrogen?
One Hydrogen ( ) has a positive charge +1. This has nothing to do with it having more protons than electrons, as it has one of each. Think of it as 'willing' to donate one electron, or it has +1 electrons see, it is on the plus side. One Oxygen ( ) has a negative charge of -2.
What is the electric charge of a hydrogen atom?
The hydrogen atom has a nucleus consisting of a proton bearing one unit of positive electrical charge; an electron, bearing one unit of negative electrical charge, is also associated with this nucleus.
Why hydrogen is a positive ion?
Hydrogen ion, strictly, the nucleus of a hydrogen atom separated from its accompanying electron. The hydrogen nucleus is made up of a particle carrying a unit positive electric charge, called a proton (q.v.). The isolated hydrogen ion, represented by the symbol H+, is therefore customarily used to represent a proton.