Is Cotopaxi the highest active volcano in the world?
It is the second highest summit in Ecuador, reaching a height of 5,897 m (19,347 ft). It is one of the world's highest volcanoes. Since 1738, Cotopaxi has erupted more than 50 times, resulting in the creation of numerous valleys formed by lahars (mudflows) around the volcano.
- The Yellowstone Caldera is a volcanic caldera and supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park in the Western United States, sometimes referred to as the Yellowstone Supervolcano. The major features of the caldera measure about 34 by 45 miles (55 by 72 km).
- There have been some huge volcano eruptions - here are the five deadliest
- 5 - Mount Vesuvius. In Italy in AD 79, this volcano devastated the nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
- 4 - Mount Ruiz.
- 3 - Mount Pelée.
- 2 - Mount Krakatoa.
- 1 - Mount Tambora.
- Ojos del Salado
The tallest volcano on Earth is Mauna Kea, one of the 5 volcanos that make up the Big Island of Hawaii. The summit of Mauna Kea is 4,205 meters above sea level, but its true height is much larger. When measured from the sea floor, Mauna kea is more than 9,000 meters tall, making it the tallest mountain on Earth.
- Photograph of Ojos del Salado, the volcano with the highest summit elevation (22,615 feet / 6893 meters), located in the Andes Mountains and straddling the border between Chile and Argentina.
- The Yellowstone Caldera is a volcanic caldera and supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park in the Western United States, sometimes referred to as the Yellowstone Supervolcano. The caldera and most of the park are located in the northwest corner of Wyoming.
- Big Bangs. History has seen some monstrous eruptions of volcanoes, from Mount Pinatubo's weather-cooling burp to the explosion of Mt. Tambora, one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago.
At 13,677 feet above sea level, Hawaii's Mauna Loa, located on the lava-filled big island, stands as the world's largest active volcano. Of course, from its base below sea level to the summit, the 30,000 feet in height has it taller than Mount Everest.
- Deadliest Eruption
Deaths Volcano When 92,000 Tambora, Indonesia 1815 36,417 Krakatau, Indonesia 1883 29,025 Mt. Pelee, Martinique 1902 25,000 Ruiz, Colombia 1985
- Composite or Strato Volcano - A steep-coned volcano that explosively emits gases, ash, pumice, and a small amount of stiff, silica lava (called rhyolite). This type of volcano can have eruptions accompanied by lahars -- deadly mudflows. Most volcanoes on Earth are of this type.
Updated: 25th November 2019