Is cancer an epidemic or pandemic?
A disease or condition is not a pandemic merely because it is widespread or kills many people; it must also be infectious. For instance, cancer is responsible for many deaths but is not considered a pandemic because the disease is not infectious or contagious.
An epidemic occurs when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people. For example, in 2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic took the lives of nearly 800 people worldwide. A pandemic is a global disease outbreak.
- Endemic: a disease that exists permanently in a particular region or population. Malaria is a constant worry in parts of Africa . Epidemic: An outbreak of disease that attacks many peoples at about the same time and may spread through one or several communities. Pandemic: When an epidemic spreads throughout the world.
- In some areas, where malaria transmission is continuously transmitted (endemic), the disease is best contained by routine prevention and control measures. But as well as endemic disease, and in other, non-endemic areas, malaria can also occur in sudden outbreaks, or epidemics.
- The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War, known today as World War I (WWI), at somewhere between 20 and 40 million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history.
A classic example of an epidemic would be Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). A pandemic on the other hand refers to a worldwide epidemic, which could have started off as outbreak, escalated to the level of an epidemic and eventually spread to a number of countries across continents.
- Diabetes is a major public health problem that is approaching epidemic proportions globally. Worldwide, the prevalence of chronic, noncommunicable diseases is increasing at an alarming rate. Almost 80% of the total adult diabetics are in developing countries.
- Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community or region during a given time period. A sudden severe outbreak of a disease such as SARS. From the Greek "epi-", "upon" + "demos", "people or population" = "epidemos" = "upon the population."
- Point Source Outbreak. Persons are exposed to the same source over a brief time, such as through a single meal or at an event. The number of cases rises rapidly to a peak and falls gradually. Most cases occur within one incubation period.
A pandemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease. An influenza pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world, and most people do not have immunity. Viruses that have caused past pandemics typically originated from animal influenza viruses.
- How to Stop a Pandemic
- Predict: The best way to avoid a pandemic is to identify pathogens before they emerge.
- Model: To stop an emerging zoonosis from spreading, scientists need to model its future course.
- Treat: Once a pandemic spreads, rapid vaccination is critical.
- How to Win Pandemic 2
- Start with a parasite.
- Restart the game in "Realistic" mode as needed until you acquire some traits, such as durability.
- Keep the visibility of your disease to a minimum.
- Accumulate 20 points.
- Keep acquiring points.
- Buy Heat IV and Cold IV.
- Check to see if you've infected areas such as Madagascar and New Zealand.
- An influenza pandemic is an epidemic of an influenza virus that spreads on a worldwide scale and infects a large proportion of the world population. In contrast to the regular seasonal epidemics of influenza, these pandemics occur irregularly – there have been about 9 influenza pandemics during the last 300 years.
Updated: 15th September 2018