Acetone is a polar substance due to the carbonyl group (like dissolve like). While larger organic compounds are usually hydrophobic despite having polar groups, acetone is small enough to be soluble in water. It is also capable of making hydrogen bonds with water since there's a lone pair on the carbonyl oxygen.
In this way, is acetone hydrophobic?
How hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules interact differently with water. (A) Because acetone is polar, it can form favorable electrostatic interactions with water molecules, which are also polar. Thus, acetone readily dissolves in water.
What is miscible in water?
The term is most often applied to liquids, but applies also to solids and gases. Water and ethanol, for example, are miscible because they mix in all proportions. By contrast, substances are said to be immiscible if there are certain proportions in which the mixture does not form a solution.
It is usually made with isopropyl alcohol, but it is different because its acetone properties makes it a solvent. Rubbing alcohol's molecular structure, similar to ethanol, does not allow it to dissolve plastic or nail polish. Both are extremely flammable, however.
If there are no polar bonds then the molecule cannot be polar. Bonds are polar if two elements of differing electronegativities are bonded to each other. Acetone is a polar molecule because it has a polar bond, and the molecular structure does not cause the dipole to be canceled.
The pKa of acetone is 20. The lower the pKa of an acid, the stronger the acid. For example, HCl has a pKa of about -7. Relatively speaking, acetone is a very, very weak acid (as User mentioned, it's even weaker than water!) but still an acid nonetheless.
Problem 64E: "Ethylamine" and "diethylamine" are soluble in water.Explain wh "Ethylamine" and "diethylamine" are soluble in water.Explain why "triethylamine" is only slightly soluble in water. Ethyl amine and diethyl amine are very soluble in water because they have polar bonds to form hydrogen bonding with water.
Acetone is another molecular material with both polar and nonpolar characteristics. Here acetone has been added to water (left tube) and carbon tetrachloride (right tube). As you can see, it has mixed with both the polar water molecules and with the nonpolar carbontetrachloride molecules.
The vapour also irritates the eyes. Ingestion: Not harmful. If large amounts are ingested: Can cause effects as described for inhalation. Effects of Long-Term (Chronic) Exposure: Can cause dry, red, cracked skin (dermatitis) following skin contact.
Acetone poisoning occurs when there's more acetone in your body than your liver can break down. Acetone is a clear liquid that smells like nail polish remover. When exposed to the air, it quickly evaporates and remains highly flammable. Acetone is dangerous to use around an open flame.
If you're worried about nail polish remover though, you're probably most worried about skin contact. If acetone contacts your skin, it can become red and irritated. Under chronic exposure, you'll get red, dry, cracked skin. However, acetone won't give you cancer and it won't affect your ability to reproduce.
Non-Acetone Polish Removers Non-acetone removers use less aggressive solvents like ethyl acetate, isopropyl alcohol and propylene carbonate. Bottom Line Acetone is still the most effective way to remove nail polish. Unfortunately, it's harsh and can dry out skin and nails.
Water is polar in nature while Ether is non-polar. Ethers are very slightly soluble in water at around 6.8g/100g. This is due to the presence of oxygen in ethers which interact with hydrogen in water to produce H-bonding to make it slightly soluble. However, dimethyl ether is not at all soluble in water.
Acetone will soften or lift many types of paint. Mineral spirits and paint thinner are pretty much the same thing. Both are slower dying, mild solvents for reducing enamels and varnish. When it comes to cost, paint thinner is usually cheaper.
Acetone is a good solvent for many plastics and some synthetic fibers. It is used for thinning polyester resin, cleaning tools used with it, and dissolving two-part epoxies and superglue before they harden. It is used as one of the volatile components of some paints and varnishes.
Acetone does not participate in hydrogen bonding, so its intermolecular forces are comparatively weaker, and it evaporates most quickly. Isopropyl alcohol can also participate in hydrogen bonding, but not as successfully as water because it has a non-polar region, so it evapo- rates at an intermediate rate.
Acetone is an organic compound, soluble in water. It does not have an OH- group to free up, or an acidic hydrogen ion to lose to the water. So it does not have anything to change the OH- H+ balance of the water, with its neutral pH of 7.
Propanal has a small carbon chain so the hydrogen bonding gained easily compensates for the loss of the rather weak van der waals forces. This is the most soluble compound. Benzaldehyde and cyclohexanone are both not very soluble in water because of their relatively large carbon chains compared to the carbonyl group.
Vinegar is a polar substance, and its molecules are attracted to water molecules (called "hydrophilic"). Therefore, it is able to be mixed with water. It does not technically dissolve; rather, it forms a homogenous solution with water.
Carbon chain on the other hand as nonpolar is repelled. Solubility of alcohols is therefore determined by the stronger of the two forces. Because of the strength of the attraction of the OH group, first three alcohols (methanol, ethanol and propanol) are completely miscible. They dissolve in water in any amount.
Household and consumer products that contain acetone include fingernail polish remover, particle board, paint remover, liquid or paste waxes and polishes, detergent, cleaning products, and rubber cement. You can be exposed to acetone by breathing it, ingesting it, or absorbing it through your skin.
Ethanol has a polar –OH group, which hydrogen bonds to water; which makes ethanol soluble. Ethane, which is composed, of carbon and hydrogen only has no polar group and is not water-soluble.
In cosmetics, the most common use of acetone is in nail polish remover. Acetone is a colorless, flammable liquid that evaporates easily. It is an organic compound because carbon atoms are present in acetone's chemical formula, which is (CH3)2O.