Acetone's dipole moment is 2.91D while that of ether is only 1.15D. Water is a very polar substance, so acetone will dissolve in it while ether will not. If A and A have much stronger attraction than A and B the substances are less likely to be miscible.
Correspondingly, what is miscible with water?
Miscible is a fancy word for "mixable." You may have heard that oil and water are not very miscible substances, whereas seltzer and orange juice are miscible and delicious! Miscible is a word used by chemists to explain why some liquids mix together well, while others do not.
What is an example of a miscible liquid?
When a distinct layer does form in a mixed solution, this is called immiscibility. For example, a type of immiscible liquid is oil and water. When mixed together, oil will essentially 'sit on top' of water, resulting in the formation of a very noticeable layer.
Physically, glycerine is a water-soluble, clear, almost colorless, odorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid with a high boiling point. Chemically, glycerine is a trihydric alcohol, capable of being reacted as an alcohol yet stable under most conditions.
Acetone is a common solvent used for many different purposes. Given that it is miscible and polar, it makes perfect sense why it is able to work with products ranging from water to different organic compounds. Because of this polarity, acetone enjoys mingling with polar solvents like water.
Benzene is nonpolar and water is highly polar. Similarly, a few water molecules will enter the hexane layer because of the water-hexane London forces. But, for the most part, water and benzene are immiscible. They do not dissolve in each other.
Water is polar in nature while Ether is non-polar. Ethers are very slightly soluble in water at around 6.8g/100g. This is due to the presence of oxygen in ethers which interact with hydrogen in water to produce H-bonding to make it slightly soluble. However, dimethyl ether is not at all soluble in water.
Carbon chain on the other hand as nonpolar is repelled. Solubility of alcohols is therefore determined by the stronger of the two forces. Because of the strength of the attraction of the OH group, first three alcohols (methanol, ethanol and propanol) are completely miscible. They dissolve in water in any amount.
Ethanol and water are mutually soluble (miscible) in all proportions. Ethanol has a polar –OH group, which hydrogen bonds to water; which makes ethanol soluble. Ethane, which is composed, of carbon and hydrogen only has no polar group and is not water-soluble.
For example, ionic compounds, which are very polar, are often soluble in the polar solvent water. Nonpolar substances are likely to dissolve in nonpolar solvents. Many polar molecular substances are soluble in both water and hexane. For example, ethanol is miscible with both water and hexane.
Propanal has a small carbon chain so the hydrogen bonding gained easily compensates for the loss of the rather weak van der waals forces. This is the most soluble compound. Benzaldehyde and cyclohexanone are both not very soluble in water because of their relatively large carbon chains compared to the carbonyl group.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2. This colorless, volatile liquid with a moderately sweet aroma is widely used as a solvent. Although it is not miscible with water, it is miscible with many organic solvents.
Water and methyl alcohol Miscible b. hexane and benzene Miscible c. methylene chloride and benzene Immiscible d. water and tuolene Immiscible e. cyclohexane and water Immiscible 4. This makes it very slightly soluble in water because it is very slightly polar.
The compound is classified as heterocyclic compound, specifically a cyclic ether. It is a colorless, water-miscible organic liquid with low viscosity. It is mainly used as a precursor to polymers. Being polar and having a wide liquid range, THF is a versatile solvent.
A distinct layer between two liquids will not form when you have a solution that is labeled miscible. When a distinct layer does form in a mixed solution, this is called immiscibility. For example, a type of immiscible liquid is oil and water.
Water is immiscible to dichloromethane since it is a strong polar solvent but terrible organic solvent on account of its polarity. Organic solvents would give us a different mix and wouldn't even be an option here since it's a miscible combination, so you can knock out the organic solvents answer choices.
Formaldehyde is a colorless gas at room temperature and the liquid is clear or water-white. The odor is irritating and pungent. Formaldehyde is very soluble in water and up to 55 percent soluble in ether, acetone, benzene, and alcohol.
Phenol is soluble in water to some extent. It is due to its ability to form hydrogen bonding with water molecules. However the large part of phenol molecule is phenyl group that is non polar and hence its solubility if limited in water. However the polarity of this part too increases in phenoxide ion.
Ethanol is an assymetrical, polar molecule while ethane is a symmetrical non-polar molecule. So, when ethanol dissolves, hydrogen bonds between water molecules are broken, as are the hydrogen bonds between the molecules of ethanol and are reformed between the molecules of water and ethanol.
(a) The structures for glucose, C6H12O6 , and cyclohexane, C6H12 , are shown below. (b) Glucose is soluble in water but cyclohexane is not soluble in water. Explain. The hydroxyl groups in glucose molecules can form strong hydrogen bonds with the solvent (water) molecules, so glucose is soluble in water.
Vinegar is a polar substance, and its molecules are attracted to water molecules (called "hydrophilic"). Therefore, it is able to be mixed with water. It does not technically dissolve; rather, it forms a homogenous solution with water.
Non-polar solutes such as I2 do not dissolve in polar solvents like water because the I2, having just London dispersion forces, are unable to compete with the strong attraction that the polar solvent molecules have for each other. Thus neither hexane nor iodine dissolves in water.
|water||carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, cyclohexane, 1,2-dichloroethane, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, dimethyl formamide, ethyl acetate, heptane, hexane, methyl-tert-butyl ether, pentane, toluene, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane|