Is a phenol a secondary alcohol?

Phenols are molecules that contain an –OH group that is directly attached to a benzene ring. Alcohols can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary. As the hydrocarbon part of an alcohol gets larger, the alcohol becomes less water soluble and more soluble in nonpolar solvents.
A.

Why many alcohols and phenols can mix with water?

Phenols are molecules that contain an –OH group that is directly attached to a benzene ring. Because alcohols contain an –OH group, they are able to form hydrogen bonds to one another. They therefore have high boiling points. Alcohols can also form hydrogen bonds with water, so small alcohols are water-soluble.
  • Is phenol soluble in sodium bicarbonate?

    Sodium Bicarbonate is a weak base (Na+ HCO3-). So, it easily accepts protons when reacting with a stronger acid like a carbonic acid, but its not strong enough to pull the proton off phenol. Using a stronger base, like NaOH, it can pull the proton off the phenol.
  • How are alcohols classified and named?

    Alcohols may be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary, according to which carbon of the alkyl group is bonded to the hydroxyl group. Most alcohols are colourless liquids or solids at room temperature.
  • Why Phenoxide ion is more stable than phenol itself?

    Phenol can lose a hydrogen ion because the phenoxide ion formed is stabilised to some extent. The negative charge on the oxygen atom is delocalised around the ring. The more stable the ion is, the more likely it is to form.
B.

Can phenol be oxidized by chromate?

Oxidation of Alcohols. Primary alcohols can be oxidised to make aldehydes, which can then be oxidised to carboxylic acids. Phenols and carboxylic acids can't be oxidised as they don't have a hydrogen atom on the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached. The orange dichromate ion is reduced to green Cr3+.
  • Can a tertiary alcohol be oxidized?

    There is no reaction whatsoever. If you look at what is happening with primary and secondary alcohols, you will see that the oxidising agent is removing the hydrogen from the -OH group, and a hydrogen from the carbon atom attached to the -OH. Tertiary alcohols don't have a hydrogen atom attached to that carbon.
  • What is a PCC in healthcare?

    Patient-centered care (PCC) is a main determinant of care quality. Research has shown that PCC is a multi-dimensional concept, and organizations that provide PCC well report better patient and organizational outcomes.
  • What is PCC in civil engineering?

    The mixture of cement, FINE aggregate (sand) and coarse aggregate is called plain cement concrete (PCC) PCC is mainly used for following purposes. 1. It is used as a protective layer for the RCC above so that water from the RCC is not absorbed by the earth below.

Updated: 21st November 2019

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