Is a cholesterol level of 5.4 high?
But too much increases the risk of heart attack, stroke and cardiovascular disease, making high cholesterol a silent epidemic in the Western world. An ideal cholesterol level would be a total that is below 5 mmol/l - the lower the better. The UK average is a slightly elevated 5.4 and anything above is deemed high.
A typical level of HDL-C is between 40-50 mg/dL (1.0-1.3 mmol/L) for men and between 50-59 mg/dl (1.3-1.5 mmol/L) for women and is associated with average risk of heart disease. Based on many epidemiologic studies, HDL-C of 60 mg/dL (1.55 mmol/L) or higher is associated with a less than average risk of heart disease.
- If your total cholesterol is less than 200, but your ratio is 5, you are still at increased risk for developing heart disease. This ratio compares the amount of bad (LDL) cholesterol to your good (HDL) cholesterol levels. You want a ratio less than 3.5, ideally less than 2.5. To calculate your ratio, divide LDL by HDL.
- A desirable total cholesterol level for adults without heart disease is less than 200 mg/dL. An HDL cholesterol level of 60 mg/dL and above is considered protective against heart disease, while a level less than 50 mg/dL for women or 40 mg/dL for men is considered a major risk factor for heart disease.
- A. For decades, we've told people not to eat or drink (except for water) for eight to 12 hours before a cholesterol test. This was based on the belief that fasting provides a more accurate assessment of all the lipids (fats) in the blood, which include cholesterol and triglycerides, a type of fat-carrying particle.
A simple blood test can determine your cholesterol levels. Health Canada suggests the following as guidelines for cholesterol levels: Total cholesterol: less than 5.2 millimoles per litre (mmol/L) Is ideal and more than 6.2 mmol/L is considered high.
- HDL cholesterol levels greater than 60 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) are high. That's good. HDL cholesterol levels less than 40 mg/dL are low. That's not so good.
- Once you have these three numbers, you can use them in a simple equation to calculate your total cholesterol. The equation is: LDL + HDL + (triglycerides/5) = total cholesterol. For instance, if you had an LDL of 100, HDL of 60, and triglyceride level of 150, then the equation would read: 100 + 60 + (150/5).
- The National Cholesterol Education Program suggests that total blood cholesterol level should be: < 200 mg/dL normal blood cholesterol. 200-239 mg/dL borderline-high. > 240 mg/dL high cholesterol.
Updated: 2nd October 2019