Is a CDS a derivative?
Naked CDS constitute most of the market in CDS. A "credit default swap" (CDS) is a credit derivative contract between two counterparties. The buyer makes periodic payments to the seller, and in return receives a payoff if an underlying financial instrument defaults or experiences a similar credit event.
Similarly, a Collateralized Debt Obligation (CDO) is not a derivative, but a security. It is similar in concept to an MBS, except the pool is not made up of mortgages, but rather various debt instruments, such as corporate bonds.
- CDOs have been widely blamed for the 2008 financial crisis, but most people do not know what they are. When a lot of debt (such as home mortgages) is pooled together, bonds can be issued on this debt. The debt is split into different tranches, and each tranche is assigned a different payment priority and interest rate.
- In finance, a credit derivative refers to any one of "various instruments and techniques designed to separate and then transfer the credit risk" or the risk of an event of default of a corporate or sovereign borrower, transferring it to an entity other than the lender or debtholder.
- A chief data officer (CDO) is a corporate officer responsible for enterprise wide governance and utilization of information as an asset, via data processing, analysis, data mining, information trading and other means. CDOs report mainly to the chief executive officer (CEO).
It is defined by Wikipedia as the derivative instrument in which the underlying asset has the right to pay or receive money at a given rate of interest. In simple words, it is a financial instrument based on an underlying, the value of which is impacted by any change in the interest rates.
- A foreign exchange derivative is a financial derivative whose payoff depends on the foreign exchange rate(s) of two (or more) currencies. These instruments are commonly used for currency speculation and arbitrage or for hedging foreign exchange risk.
- An example of a cap would be an agreement to receive a payment for each month the LIBOR rate exceeds 2.5%. Similarly an interest rate floor is a derivative contract in which the buyer receives payments at the end of each period in which the interest rate is below the agreed strike price.
- A Forward Rate Agreement, or FRA, is an agreement between two parties who want to protect themselves against future movements in interest rates. By entering into an FRA, the parties lock in an interest rate for a stated period of time starting on a future settlement date, based on a specified notional principal amount.
Weather derivatives are financial instruments that can be used by organizations or individuals as part of a risk management strategy to reduce risk associated with adverse or unexpected weather conditions. Settlement is objective, based on the final value of the chosen weather index over the chosen period.
- In its simplest terms, “energy trading and marketing” is the buying, selling and moving of bulk energy (electricity and natural gas) from where it is produced to where it is needed. Wholesale electricity and natural gas are traded as commodities, much like corn or copper and other minerals.
- A commodity broker is a firm or individual who executes orders to buy or sell commodity contracts on behalf of clients and charges them a commission. A firm or individual who trades for his own account is called a trader. Commodity contracts include futures, options, and similar financial derivatives.
- Types of Commodities
- Metals (such as gold, silver, platinum and copper)
- Energy (such as crude oil, heating oil, natural gas and gasoline)
- Livestock and Meat (including lean hogs, pork bellies, live cattle and feeder cattle)
- Agricultural (including corn, soybeans, wheat, rice, cocoa, coffee, cotton and sugar)
Updated: 3rd October 2019