The ultimate goal of growing a Bonsai is to create a miniaturized but realistic representation of nature in the form of a tree. Bonsai are not genetically dwarfed plants, in fact, any tree species can be used to grow one.
What type of tree is a bonsai?
The suitability for Bonsai and its care is similar to the Chinese juniper. Care guide for the quite similar Juniper Bonsai tree (Juniperus). A European species with sharp leaves, which are smaller and softer than those of the Japanese needle juniper.
The most expensive Bonsai tree: A centuries old Pine, sold for 1.3 million dollar at the International Bonsai Convention in Takamatsu, Japan. Another expensive Bonsai tree, for sale at around 90.000 dollar. Image courtesy by S-Cube. Not a Bonsai tree, but a very expensive antique Bonsai pot: for sale at 150.000 dollar.
Check your bonsai morning and evening to see if it needs watering. If the soil looks dark and feels wet then it will not require watering. Only when the soil looks light brown and feels damp will your bonsai require more water. Water thoroughly all over the soil until the water drains through into a tray or saucer.
Juniper "Karate Kid" Bonsai Tree - Medium(Juniper Procumbens "nana") This dwarf Juniper from Japan is the most popular evergreen in the U.S. When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a "Juniper Procumbens Nana."
Bonsai are trees and plants grown in containers in such a way so that they look their most beautiful--even prettier than those growing in the wild. Cultivating bonsai, therefore, is a very artistic hobby.
Step #4: Plant the bonsai.
- If the pot does not have drainage holes, use a drill with a ceramic bit to add a hole. To prevent soil loss, cover it with a piece of screen.
- Before planting gently remove the tree from its container and inspect the roots.
- Cover the bottom of the pot with soil.
This may be a cutting, seedling, or small tree of a species suitable for bonsai development. Bonsai can be created from nearly any perennial woody-stemmed tree or shrub species that produces true branches and can be cultivated to remain small through pot confinement with crown and root pruning.
Some common species used as bonsai include pines, maples, cherry and other flowering trees. While these plants add beauty and style to your home, some varieties of bonsai plants are toxic to cats. Before bringing a bonsai into your home, be sure it is not a type that will harm your cat.
The Ficus is tolerant to low humidity and can withstand quite a lot; a good choice for beginners. Other popular indoor Bonsai trees include the Crassula (Jade), the Carmona (Fukien Tea), the Schefflera Arboricola (Hawaiian Umbrella) and the Sageretia (Sweet Plum).
What is Bonsai? The word “Bon-sai” (often misspelled as bonzai or banzai) is a Japanese term which, literally translated, means “planted in a container”. This art form is derived from an ancient Chinese horticultural practice, part of which was then redeveloped under the influence of Japanese Zen Buddhism.
The trees can be grown in many styles, including cascading, upright, group and forest styles. Each of these styles brings a certain harmony to the tree. Feng Shui supports the addition of plants in the home, including Bonsai trees. When placed in an office setting, the trees are believed to bring luck.
The Best Trees For Bonsai
- Japanese Maple. Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum) is chosen for bonsai primarily due to its lobed leaves, color, and its adaptability to become a bonsai.
- Bodhi tree (Ficus Religiosa)
- Cotoneaster horizontalis.
- Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
The Sandai-Shogun-no-matsu in the Tokyo Palace collection in Japan is a white pine Bonsai believed to be over 500 years old and is the oldest known specimen of Bonsai in the world. In general, a Bonsai tree can be expected to have the same lifespan of other trees of its species with optimum environment and care.
History of Bonsai. Although the word 'Bon-sai' is Japanese, the art it describes originated in the Chinese empire. By the year 700 AD the Chinese had started the art of 'pun-sai' using special techniques to grow dwarf trees in containers.
Incandescent light is too hot and will not provide the various spectrum of light that is required to maintain your bonsai tree. Bonsai need about 5 hours of direct or indirect sunlight per day. Certain species of bonsai do best in the winter if they receive most of their light from indirect sources.
Without doubt the most important way to train a Bonsai is to prune it on a regular basis. Essentially, there are two different techniques: maintenance-pruning, to maintain and refine the existing shape of a Bonsai - and structural-pruning, which involves more rigorous pruning to give a tree its basic shape or style.
During the Kamakura period, the period in which Japan adopted most of China's cultural trademarks, the art of growing trees in containers was introduced into Japan. The Japanese developed Bonsai along certain lines due to the influence of Zen Buddhism and the fact that Japan is only 4% the size of mainland China.
Juniper bonsai trees are often considered the easiest of all bonsai trees to grow because of its durability in the sunlight and its versatility. Like most other bonsai trees, the Juniper bonsai tree is dormant during the winter months and does not need to be fed or watered often.