How was Europe affected by the Protestant Reformation?
The massive turmoil that the Reformation caused had a lasting impact on European politics. Soon after the Catholic Church deemed Martin Luther a “protestant,” Europe became divided along confessional, as well as territorial, lines. The religious turmoil of the period led to warfare within most states and between many.
Protestantism: European countries or areas with significant Protestant populations are Denmark, Estonia, Finland, the central, eastern and northern parts of Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the eastern, northern and western parts of Switzerland.
- Forty percent of all Christians are Protestants, accounting for a population of nearly 900 million.
- Germany (29 million)
- DR Congo (32 million)
- United Kingdom (34 million)
- South Africa (37 million)
- Brazil (41 million)
- China (58 million)
- Nigeria (60 million)
- United States (160 million)
- Henry VIII was the first monarch to introduce a new state religion to the English. In 1532, he wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon. When Pope Clement VII refused to consent to the divorce, Henry VIII decided to separate the entire country of England from the Roman Catholic Church.
- Christianity – 2.42 billion
- Catholic Church – 1.285 billion.
- Protestantism – 920 million.
- Eastern Orthodox Church – 270 million.
- Oriental Orthodoxy – 86 million.
- Restorationism and Nontrinitarianism – 35.2 million.
- Independent Catholicism – 18 million.
- Minor branches – 1 million.
By the end of the 16th century, the European countries that became Protestant were Germany, Switzerland, England, Scandinavia, and Holland. The European countries that remained Catholic were Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, and Sicily.
- By the end of the 16th century, the European countries that became Protestant were Germany, Switzerland, England, Scandinavia, and Holland. The European countries that remained Catholic were Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, and Sicily.
- Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest, father of Protestantism, and church reformer whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation.
- Johannes Gutenberg is the inventor of the Gutenberg press, an innovative printing machine that used movable type. Gutenberg was born between 1394 and 1400 and died in 1468. His invention helped spread the ideas and beliefs of the Protestant Reformers fifty years after his death.
Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest, father of Protestantism, and church reformer whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation. Luther taught that salvation is a free gift of God and received only through true faith in Jesus as redeemer from sin.
- Some beliefs Christians of all denominations have in common, such as belief in God and in Jesus Christ as Savior. However, Baptist beliefs about some major matters differ from those held by other groups. Below are five beliefs that set apart Baptists from other Protestant Christians. 1.
- Lutheranism traces its history all the way back to Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant Reformation. The beliefs of Lutheran Protestants stem from Martin Luther's rejection of central teaching of the Catholic Church.
- Protestants who adhere to the Nicene Creed believe in three persons (God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit) as one God. Movements emerging around the time of the Protestant Reformation, but not a part of Protestantism, e.g. Unitarianism also reject the Trinity.
Updated: 16th October 2019