How the petroleum is formed?
Petroleum (also known as crude oil or simply oil) is a fossil fuel that was formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms. Millions of years ago, algae and plants lived in shallow seas. After dying and sinking to the seafloor, the organic material mixed with other sediments and was buried.
Petroleum products are produced from the processing of crude oil and other liquids at petroleum refineries, from the extraction of liquid hydrocarbons at natural gas processing plants, and from the production of finished petroleum products at blending facilities.
- Oil and natural gas together make petroleum. Petroleum, which is Latin for rock oil, is a fossil fuel, meaning it was made naturally from decaying prehistoric plant and animal remains.
- Fossil fuel based natural gas is a non-renewable resource. Natural gas is found in deep underground rock formations or associated with other hydrocarbon reservoirs in coal beds and as methane clathrates. Petroleum is another resource and fossil fuel found in close proximity to and with natural gas.
- Saudi Arabia has almost one-fifth of the world's proven oil reserves and ranks as the largest producer and exporter of oil in the world.
- CANADA. Proven oil reserves: 173.105.
- IRAN. Proven oil reserves: 154.58.
- IRAQ. Proven oil reserves: 141.35.
- KUWAIT. Proven oil reserves: 104.
- UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.
Sand is a solid because each grain of sand is just a very small solid that can hold its shape. When it is poured, the small grains of sand pile up on each other to form a small hill and not a flat surface. Furthermore, it does not completely fill the container like a liquid.
- Glass, however, is actually neither a liquid—supercooled or otherwise—nor a solid. It is an amorphous solid—a state somewhere between those two states of matter. And yet glass's liquidlike properties are not enough to explain the thicker-bottomed windows, because glass atoms move too slowly for changes to be visible.
- Liquid salt, solid science. Everyone knows what table salt – or sodium chloride – looks like at room temperature. Compounds with this kind of electrostatic attraction, called ionic bonds, are almost always solid at room temperature.
- Slime is a non-Newtonian liquid, which means that the viscosity, or resistance, of the liquid changes as you apply a stronger force. If you rest your hand on the surface of slime it will sink in, but it you smack it, the surface is solid. Water is a Newtonian liquid and has an unchanging viscosity.
Crude oil (a non-renewable resource) is usually found in underground areas called reservoirs. It is liquid in nature and yellowish black in color. Sometimes, petroleum and crude oil are used to mean the same thing, but petroleum itself is a broad range of petroleum products including crude oil itself.
- Crude oil (a non-renewable resource) is usually found in underground areas called reservoirs. It is liquid in nature and yellowish black in color. Sometimes, petroleum and crude oil are used to mean the same thing, but petroleum itself is a broad range of petroleum products including crude oil itself.
- Nuclear energy is a nonrenewable resource because once the uranium is used, it is gone! Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are considered nonrenewable because they can not be replenished in a short period of time. These are called fossil fuels.
- According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), this is a list of petroleum products and their share of total US petroleum consumption in 2013.
- Gasoline 46%
- Heating Oil / Diesel Fuel 20%
- Jet Fuel ( kerosene) 8%
- Propane / Propylene 7%
- NGL / LRG 6%
- Still Gas 4%
- Petrochemical Feedstocks 2%
- Petroleum Coke 2%
Updated: 2nd October 2019