about 14 years
When was Mount Rushmore done?
October 4, 1927 - October 31, 1941. Mount Rushmore is a project of colossal proportion, colossal ambition and colossal achievement.
Mount Rushmore is named after a New York City attorney. Charles E. Rushmore was sent out to this area in 1884 to check legal titles on properties. On his way back to Pine Camp he asked Bill Challis [a local resident and guide] the name of this mountain.
Facts About Mount Rushmore
- Thomas Jefferson was originally started on George Washington's right.
- It took 14 years to complete Mount Rushmore.
- No one died while building Mount Rushmore.
- The sculpture cost $989,992.32 to build.
- There is a cave behind the carving called the "Hall of Records."
There are two main types of rock at Mount Rushmore, very old granite and much older metamorphic rocks.
The mountain itself, at an elevation of 5,725 feet (1,745 metres), was named in 1885 for Charles E. Rushmore, a New York lawyer. The memorial, which covers 2 square miles (5 square km), was designated in 1925 and dedicated in 1927.
The southeastern face of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota's Black Hills National Forest is the site of four gigantic carved sculptures depicting the faces of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt.
The UDC was given 12 years to complete a sizable Civil War monument. Three sculptors worked on the carving during its creation. Gutzon Borglum was hired in 1915 as the carving consultant, and in 1916 he was appointed carving sculptor by the Stone Mountain Monumental Association.
20 Things to Do in South Dakota
- Top attractions in South Dakota.
- Mount Rushmore National Memorial.
- The World's Only Corn Palace.
- Badlands National Park.
- Spearfish Canyon.
- Photo Courtesy of Casey Tibbs Rodeo Center.
- Photo Courtesy of Lewis and Clark Recreation Area.
- Crazy Horse Memorial.
The head of George Washington is 60 feet tall with a nose that is 21 feet tall. Theodore Roosevelt's head is slightly smaller, Abraham Lincoln's is slightly taller. Each of the eyes on Mount Rushmore are about 11 feet wide.
Carving started on the amazing Mount Rushmore National Memorial in 1927. It continued for 14 years, with the help of more than 350 people. The faces of four presidents are carved into the mountainside: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt.
Mount Rushmore is a lot like that one day a year writ large—and in granite. It's carved 60 feet (18 meters) tall and 185 feet (56 meters) wide, from Washington's right ear to Lincoln's left.
The construction of Mount Rushmore National Memorial took 14 years, from 1927 to 1941.
There is speculation that President James Buchanan was homosexual, and this is the reason that he never married. Prior to his presidency Buchanan lived for 15 years with William Rufus King the Senator of Alabama.
President John Quincy Adams had an unusual pet—an alligator! He kept it in the East Room of the White House. But President Adams wasn't the only commander-in-chief with an unusual pet.
Calvin Coolidge (30th President, 1923-1929) had a small zoo at the White House, which included a bear cub, two lion cubs, a wallaby, an antelope, pekin ducks, and Billy the pygmy hippopotamus. He also received a raccoon as a gift to be served as part of Thanksgiving dinner.
James Buchanan, the 15th president, received a herd of elephants from the King of Siam (now called Thailand). The Sultan of Oman gave Martin Van Buren, the eighth president, a pair of tiger cubs. But even the more typical pets have had an unusual time at the White House.
Those are the famous words Sculptor Gutzon Borglum used to describe the length of time his most famous work, Mt. Rushmore, will endure. The mountain itself was originally named after Charles E. Rushmore, a New York lawyer investigating mining claims in the Black Hills in 1885.
Barack Obama is not the only one. The other US Presidents who have won the Nobel Peace Prize are, in chronological order, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Jimmy Carter. (You can watch President Obama's remarks here). Theodore Roosevelt was the first American to won a Nobel in any category.