26th October 2019

mcatquestionoftheday
16

How many electrons does 5f hold?

There is one s orbital, and there are three p orbitals, five d orbitals, and seven f orbitals. Thus, the answer is B. Do not confuse the number of orbitals in a subshell with the number of electrons the subshell can hold. Each orbital can hold two electrons, so the capacity of an nf subshell is 14 electrons.

In this way, how many electrons can be placed in the 2s sublevel?

The s sublevel has just one orbital, so can contain 2 electrons max. The p sublevel has 3 orbitals, so can contain 6 electrons max. The d sublevel has 5 orbitals, so can contain 10 electrons max. And the 4 sublevel has 7 orbitals, so can contain 14 electrons max.

How many electrons are allowed in each shell?

Each shell can contain only a fixed number of electrons: The first shell can hold up to two electrons, the second shell can hold up to eight (2 + 6) electrons, the third shell can hold up to 18 (2 + 6 + 10) and so on. The general formula is that the nth shell can in principle hold up to 2(n2) electrons.

How many electrons can exist in an orbital?

This tells us that each subshell has double the electrons per orbital. The s subshell has 1 orbital that can hold up to 2 electrons, the p subshell has 3 orbitals that can hold up to 6 electrons, the d subshell has 5 orbitals that hold up to 10 electrons, and the f subshell has 7 orbitals with 14 electrons.
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