How many electrons are allowed per Orbital?
s-orbitals can hold 2 electrons, the p-orbitals can hold 6 electrons. Thus, the second shell can have 8 electrons. The n=3 (third) shell has: The 3s orbital.
Each shell can contain only a fixed number of electrons: The first shell can hold up to two electrons, the second shell can hold up to eight (2 + 6) electrons, the third shell can hold up to 18 (2 + 6 + 10) and so on. The general formula is that the nth shell can in principle hold up to 2(n2) electrons.
- Thus, the fourth level can hold up to 32 electrons: 2 in the s orbital, 6 in the three p orbitals, 10 in the five d orbitals, and 14 in the seven f orbitals. The sublevels of the first four principal energy levels and the maximum number of electrons that the sublevels can contain are summarized in Table 5.1.
- Shell 2 (2S & 2P) and Shell 3 (3S & 3P) each hold 8 electrons. After that, the next 2 hold 18 each, then the next 2 hold 32. So far, scientists haven't discovered any elements that use more orbitals than this. As for "how many shells the atom has," I already said that it has an infinite number of empty ones.
- Questions and Answers
Energy Level (Principal Quantum Number) Shell Letter Electron Capacity 1 K 2 2 L 8 3 M 18 4 N 32
Bromine is a member of the halogen family of elements. Its companions include fluorine, chlorine, and iodine. Like the other halogens, bromine has seven electrons in its outer shell and is very reactive. You will find bromine in many salt compounds with alkali metals.
- It was observed that the atoms of elements,having a completely filled outermost shell show little chemical activity. In other words their combining capacity is 0. Of these inert elements, the helium atom has 2 electrons in its outermost shell and all other elements have atoms with 8 electrons in the outermost shell.
- Bromine is found naturally in the earth's crust and in seawater in various chemical forms. Bromine can also be found as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants (chemicals that help prevent things from catching fire).
- You can simply subtract the atomic number from the mass number in order to find the number of neutrons. If the atom is neutral, the number of electrons will be equal to the number of protons. 1. Your mass number is the total number of neutrons and protons within the atom.
Oxygen is #8 in the periodical table. First electron shell can hold 2 electrons; second, 8. Therefore, out of 8 electrons, 2 go to the first shell and 6 to the second; valence electrons are the ones on the outermost shell (there are some exceptions, but they are much further down the table).
- So for the element of SULFUR, you already know that the atomic number tells you the number of electrons. That means there are 16 electrons in a sulfur atom. Looking at the picture, you can see there are two electrons in shell one, eight in shell two, and six in shell three.
- Calcium-loses 2, Fluorine-gains 1, Aluminum-loses 3, Oxygen-gains 2.
How many electrons will each of these elements gain or lose in forming an ion: calcium, fluorine, aluminum, and oxygen? +1.
Identify the charge of the ion formed when a potassium atom loses one electron.
- Explanation: The octet rule states that atoms can fill their outer shells with up to 8 electrons (a full shell of 8 is the most stable configuration). Since Carbon only has 4 of its outer electron slots (or valence electrons) full, it has room to make bonds with 4 other atoms, assuming they are all single bonds.
Updated: 6th December 2019