The net gain of high-energy compounds from one cycle is 3 NADH, 1 FADH2, and 1 GTP; the GTP may subsequently be used to produce ATP. Thus, the total yield from 1 glucose molecule (2 pyruvate molecules) is 6 NADH, 2 FADH2, and 2 ATP.
Consequently, what are the products of the oxidation of pyruvate?
So essentially your cells are converting pyruvate into carbon dioxide using two different oxidation steps. During the first oxidation, one pyruvate will be converted into a molecule of acetyl CoA. Acetyl CoA is a product of sugar broken down which will be used in the second oxidation step.
What molecules are produced by the oxidation of pyruvate?
Pyruvate oxidation steps
- A carboxyl group is removed from pyruvate and released as carbon dioxide.
- The two-carbon molecule from the first step is oxidized, and NAD+ accepts the electrons to form NADH.
- The oxidized two-carbon molecule, an acetyl group, is attached to Coenzyme A to form acetyl CoA.
Where does the oxidation of pyruvate occur?
Yes, pyruvate oxidation happens in the mitochondrial matrix of eukaryotic cells. As soon as pyruvate enters the mitochondrial matrix in eukaryotes, it is oxidatively decarboxylated (with the help of the enzyme Pyruvate DeHydrogenase, PDH) to form Acetyl CoA (which is then free to act as a substrate in the Krebs cycle).