How long does it take to produce bell peppers?
Most sweet peppers mature in 60-90 days; hot peppers can take up to 150 days. Keep in mind, however, that the number of days to maturity stated on the seed packet refers to the days after transplanting until the plant produces a full-sized fruit.
All bell peppers start off green and then grow to a mature size before ripening. When a pepper is fully ripe, it usually turns red. Some peppers, though, refuse to change color. Peppers naturally ripen slowly, but they'll take even longer when the plants aren't happy.
- Although they can be picked when green, their heat and flavor increases as they are allowed to mature and ripen to colors. If left to ripen, they may also turn red, yellow, orange, purple or even chocolate-colored depending on the cultivar. The less green you see, the sweeter the taste in both sweet and hot peppers.
- Below are some good varieties to start in January for a last frost in March and April! Get your garden planning started. In some warmer locations you can begin sowing your vegetable seeds outdoors. For cooler areas, February is a great time to sow your tomatoes and peppers.
- A simpler approach is to water two or three times a week, or whenever the soil is dry 1 to 2 inches beneath the surface. Alternatively, buy a moisture meter and insert it in the soil near the bell peppers. The meter alerts you when the plants need water.
- Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before last spring frost date.
- The temperature must be at least 70° F for seed germination, so keep them in a warm area for the best and fastest results.
- Start pepper seeds three to a pot, and thin out the weakest seedling.
- Begin to harden off plants about 10 days before transplanting.
- Bell peppers generally take 70 to 90 days to mature. Determining when to harvest your bell peppers depends upon the type of pepper you are looking for. Most bell peppers are green when they are immature, but can still be harvested at this time (as long as they are of edible size).
- The seeds should be planted about an inch deep. Thin to one plant per spot once the seeds have sprouted and have grown their first set of true leaves. After the chance of frost has passed, mound up soil about 6 – 12 inches high and 12 – 24 inches wide.
- Cucumbers may be grown in rows or hills. Row planting requires a long furrow that is 1/2 to 1 inch deep. Place seeds in the furrow spaced 12 inches apart. If you know the cucumber variety is very large growing, increase the spacing in the furrow to 18 to 36 inches apart.
Updated: 2nd October 2019