How long does hepatitis B virus live on surfaces?
How long does the hepatitis B virus survive outside the body? The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body for at least 7 days. During that time, the virus is still capable of causing infection.
The hepatitis B virus can survive on environmental surfaces such as a table or countertop dried and at room temperature for at least one week.
- Most infected adults are able to fight off the virus so their infection is cured. A low percentage of adults infected with HBV go on to develop chronic infection. The liver has an incredible ability to heal itself, but long-term inflammation caused by HBV can result in permanent damage.
- According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HCV can survive on environmental surfaces at room temperature for at least 16 hours but no longer than four days. In contrast, the HIV virus can only live on surfaces for several hours.
- Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. The virus, which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. Hepatitis B vaccine is available for all age groups to prevent HBV infection.
How long does the Hepatitis C virus survive outside the body? The Hepatitis C virus can survive outside the body at room temperature, on environmental surfaces, for up to 3 weeks.
- How soon after exposure to hepatitis B will symptoms appear? On average, symptoms appear 90 days (or 3 months) after exposure, but they can appear any time between 6 weeks and 6 months after exposure. How long do acute hepatitis B symptoms last?
- Razors and toothbrushes. Because razors, nail scissors, nail clippers, toothbrushes and possibly even towels may carry traces of blood, sharing them with an infected person may present a risk of acquiring hepatitis C. Similarly, traces of blood which could contain virus can be present on toothbrushes.
- Hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body at least 7 days. During that time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who is not infected.
How soon after exposure to hepatitis B will symptoms appear? On average, symptoms appear 90 days (or 3 months) after exposure, but they can appear any time between 6 weeks and 6 months after exposure.
- Symptoms will go away in a few weeks to months if your body is able to fight off the infection. Some people never get rid of the HBV. This is called chronic hepatitis B. Over time, they may develop symptoms of liver damage and cirrhosis of the liver.
- If the “HBsAg” was positive, this means that you are either chronically infected with hepatitis B or were recently infected. If only the “anti-HBc” was positive, it is most likely that you either had a “false-positive” test or are immune to hepatitis B infection (had hepatitis B infec- tion sometime in the past).
- Feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomit have not been implicated in the spread of hepatitis B. Unless they are visibly contaminated with blood, the risk of contracting hepatitis B from these fluids in the workplace is very low. Hepatitis B is not transmitted by casual contact.
Updated: 2nd October 2019