Sugar melts at about 320 degrees F. and will turn to a clear liquid at that temperature. After sugar dissolves and syrup is simmering, cook for approximately 8 to 10 minutes, without stirring. Hold handle of pan and gently tilt the pan off the heat to distribute color evenly as sugar caramelizes.
Also asked, how do you caramelize the sugar?
Combine sugar and water in the pan, stirring with a wooden spoon, until it forms a slurry with the consistency of wet sand. Heat over medium heat and bring to a boil. Do not stir. After a few minutes, you may add some lemon juice or cream of tartar (dissolved in a bit of water) to help prevent re-crystallization.
How do you caramelize brown sugar?
Add brown sugar to the pan and place on the stove. Turn on the heat to medium, and add water to the brown sugar. You only want to add enough water to make the sugar look like sand when it is stirred together. Stir the water and brown sugar mixture with the whisk.