Fermentation is a metabolic process in which an organism converts a carbohydrate, such as starch or a sugar, into an alcohol or an acid. For example, yeast performs fermentation to obtain energy by converting sugar into alcohol. Bacteria perform fermentation, converting carbohydrates into lactic acid.
Correspondingly, what is the purpose of the fermentation?
The purpose of fermentation in yeast is the same as that in muscle and bacteria, to replenish the supply of NAD+ for glycolysis, but this process occurs in two steps: Alcoholic fermentation consists of pyruvate being first converted into acetaldehyde by the enzyme pyruvate decarboxylase and releasing (CO_2).
What is the process of fermentation and what is produced?
Ethanol is commercially produced using a process called fermentation. Many other alcohols can be made this way, but are more likely to be produced by synthetic routes - from natural gas, oil or coal. Fermentation is the process in which yeast breaks down sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
What is the process of fermentation in biology?
Concept 5: Fermentation. All cells are able to synthesize ATP via the process of glycolysis. In many cells, if oxygen is not present, pyruvate is metabolized in a process called fermentation. Fermentation complements glycolysis and makes it possible for ATP to be continually produced in the absence of oxygen.